Microplastics Laboratory

Lab Description

The Microplastics Research Team at the Desert Research Institute is working to understand microplastic contamination and develop novel methodologies that will enhance our understanding of microplastics in freshwater environments.

The DRI Microplastics Laboratory is equipped to investigate environmental MP contamination in a range of complex samples from natural water and sediment samples, to aquatic fauna. Our facilities include wet lab capabilities and instrumentation for isolating, imaging, and quantifying MP contamination. We are also developing novel water sampling methodologies that support more efficient MP pollution sample collection, analysis, and identification, as well as sample and data standardization. 

What are Microplastics?

The accumulation of plastic debris is an increasing concern for the environment following decades of global plastic production, much of which is single-use. Microplastics (MPs, particles ≤ 5 mm) are an emerging environmental contaminate because of their insolubility, durability, and small size, which leads to their ubiquity in marine and freshwater systems. The largest contributor of MPs is the breakdown of larger secondary plastics including textiles, fishing lines, tire wear and tear, and consumer products that are released into the environment via spills, atmospheric deposition, littering, and wastewater.

On August 22, 2019, the World Health Organization called for more research on MPs, stating that “Further research is needed to obtain a more accurate assessment of exposure to microplastics and their potential impacts on human health. These include developing standard methods for measuring microplastic particles in water; more studies on the sources and occurrence of microplastics in fresh water; and the efficacy of different treatment processes.”

Research Goals

The microplastics team at DRI includes scientists with expertise in the fields of geology, hydrology, microbiology, wildlife biology, social sciences, and community outreach and communication. We are committed to increasing our understanding of MP contamination in natural resources, including the impact of MPs on ecosystem health. Our research efforts are guided by three primary goals which include 1) Develop and conduct novel research and methodologies that lead to a better understanding of MP pollution in natural systems; 2) Develop MP mitigation approaches informed by actual research findings; and 3) Increase public awareness of MP pollution sources and leverage community engagement to support MP research and mitigation efforts.

Current Research and Community Engagement Activities:

  • Assessing Microplastic Pollution in the Lake Tahoe Basin. Lake Tahoe is a naturally formed, alpine lake that is protected by numerous state and local laws with the intent to preserve lake clarity, ecosystem health, and drinking water quality. We are conducting the first assessment of MP pollution in Lake Tahoe and the surrounding basin. Results include the presence of MPs, especially microfibers, in lake water and regional snow samples, and will provide pilot data for a larger regional MP study. Funding is provided through the DRI Innovative Research Project funds.
  • Developing Citizen Science Programs that Engage the Public in Microplastic Research and Mitigation Efforts. Citizen Science programs developed in conjunction with the League to Save Lake Tahoe, are engaging the community in MP research, education, and mitigation. These programs include citizen collected water samples to support MP monitoring efforts; and engaging the community to test the efficacy of MP fiber collection devices. Funding is provided through the DRI Innovative Research Project funds.
  • Investigating the Bioaccumulation of Microplastics in Benthic Fish in the Las Vegas Wash. We are currently studying MP accumulation in freshwater fish in the Las Vegas Wash. Data and methodologies will inform future research on the impacts of MP pollution on endogenous, and endangered fish populations in the Lake Tahoe basin and other freshwater systems. This work is funded by a DRI Maki grant.
  • Developing Novel Approaches for Sampling and Identifying Microplastic Pollution. Methodologies for MP sampling, sample processing, identification, and quantification are in their infancy. Our team is developing novel methodologies that will improve on existing approaches by increasing the ease of sample collection and analysis, advancing data quality, and establishing standardization guidelines to facilitate MP pollution comparisons between studies.

Our Team

Monica Arienzo, Ph.D.
Associate Research Professor, Hydrology
Desert Research Institute
(775) 673-7693
monica.arienzo@dri.edu

Zoe Harrold, Ph.D.
Assistant Research Scientist, Biogeochemistry
Desert Research Institute

Meghan Collins, M.Sc.
Assistant Research Scientist, Environmental Science
Desert Research Institute

Julia Davidson
Student, Laboratory Technician
Desert Research Institute

Learn More 

DRI Blog: Problem Plastics

Read about and watch the DRI “Behind the Science” story about the microplastics research team sampling at Lake Tahoe.

News Story: Microplastics found in Lake Tahoe for the First Time

Read about DRI’s discovery of microplastics in the waters of Lake Tahoe in the LA Times. 

Tip Sheet: Microplastics Pollution Research in the Sierra Nevada

Download DRI’s Microplastic Research Media Tip Sheet for the AGU 2019 Fall Meeting.

CONTACT

Monica Arienzo, Ph.D.
Lab Director
Monica.Arienzo@dri.edu 

LAB LOCATION

Desert Research Institute
2215 Raggio Parkway
Reno, NV 89512

DIVISION

Hydrologic Sciences