DRI / DIRECTORY / MONICA ARIENZO
Monica Arienzo Profile Photo
Dr. Monica Arienzo
Assistant Research Professor, Hydrology

Monica Arienzo is an Assistant Research Professor in the Division of Hydrologic Sciences at the Desert Research Institute. She earned a doctoral degree in Marine Geology and Geophysics from the University of Miami.

In her research, Monica uses chemical tools to understand how humans have impacted the environment. After years of studying caves in the Bahamas and ice cores from Antarctica, now she studies microplastics from peak to tap. Her microplastic research focuses on microplastics found in snowy peaks, to downstream lakes and rivers, and to drinking water taps. This research would not be possible without the help of her colleagues, students, collaborators, and more than 25 volunteer citizen scientists.

Monica’s Science Story

My science story began in college. I was a geology major, but I wasnt sure what I wanted to do after college. The summer before my senior year of college I had the opportunity to participate in a research project in the U.S. Virgin Islands. We were researching human impacts to the coral reef. We spent the summer scuba diving the coral reefs measuring the amount of live and dead coral and compared the results to previous survey findings. This was a really neat opportunity for me. I got to travel, be outdoors and do research, all of my favorite things. After the summer was over, I went back to college in the fall and I told my advisor I wanted to pursue graduate school and get a Ph.D. in geology. After graduating college, I moved to Miami Fl where I would do my Ph.D. in geology. During my Ph.D. I studied caves from the Bahamas. After getting my PhD, I took a job at the Desert Research Institute where I changed my research focus to ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica. In 2018, I attended a conference in Switzerland and learned about microplastics. The researchers were finding microplastics in Greenland! I went home to Reno and kept thinking about microplastics if they are in Greenland, where else could they be? In our snow? In the Sierra? These questions eventually led to us getting some funding from the DRI foundation that began us on our microplastics journey.

Keywords

ice cores, microplastics, human impacts, pollution, climate, coral reefs, citizen science, science communications

 

Program(s)

 

Publications
2020
2019
Gleason, K. E., McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Calvin, W. (2019). Four-fold increase in solar forcing on snow in western U.S. burned forests since 1999, Nature Communications, 10 (1), 2026, 10.1038/s41467-019-09935-y
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Kipfstuhl, S. (2019). Method for Correcting Continuous Ice-Core Elemental Measurements for Under-Recovery, Environmental Science & Technology, 53 (10), 5887-5894, American Chemical Society, 10.1021/acs.est.9b00199
Preunkert, S., McConnell, J. R., Hoffmann, H., Legrand, M., Wilson, A., Eckhardt, S., Stohl, A., Chellman, N. J., Arienzo, M. M., Friedrich, R. (2019). Lead and Antimony in Basal Ice From Col du Dome (French Alps) Dated With Radiocarbon: A Record of Pollution During Antiquity, Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (9), 4953-4961, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 10.1029/2019GL082641
Oster, J., Warken, S., Sekhon, N., Arienzo, M. M., Lachniet, M. (2019). Speleothem Paleoclimatology for the Caribbean, Central America, and North America, Quaternary, 2 (1), 5, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Arienzo, M. M., Maezumi, S., Chellman, N. J., Iriarte, J. (2019). Pre-Columbian Fire Management Linked to Refractory Black Carbon Emissions in the Amazon, Fire, 2 (2), 31, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Wilson, A. I., Stohl, A., Arienzo, M. M., Eckhardt, S., Fritzsche, D., Kipfstuhl, S., Opel, T., Place, P. F., Steffensen, J. P. (2019). Pervasive Arctic lead pollution suggests substantial growth in Medieval silver production modulated by plague, climate and conflict, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 116 (30), 14910-14915, 10.1073/pnas.1904515116
2018
Legrand, M., McConnell, J. R., Preunkert, S., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Gleason, K. E., Sherwen, T., Evans, M., Carpenter, L. (2018). Alpine ice evidence of a three-fold increase in atmospheric iodine deposition since 1950 in Europe due to increasing oceanic emissions, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115 (48), 12136-12141, National Acad Sciences
Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Heyvaert, A. C., Arienzo, M. M., Wennrich, V. (2018). Incandescence-based single-particle method for black carbon quantification in lake sediment cores, Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 16 (11), 711-721, Wiley Online Library
McConnell, J. R., Wilson, A., Stohl, A., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Eckhardt, S., Thompson, E., Pollard, A., Steffensen, J. (2018). Lead pollution recorded in Greenland ice indicates European emissions tracked plagues, wars, and imperial expansion during antiquity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201721818, National Acad Sciences
Atsawawaranunt, K., Comas-Bru, L., Amirnezhad Mozhdehi, S., Deininger, M., Harrison, S., Baker, A., Boyd, M., Kaushal, N., Ahmad, S., Ait Brahim, Y., Arienzo, M. M. (2018). The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems, Earth System Science Data, Copernicus Publications
2017
Mekhaldi, F., McConnell, J. R., Adolphi, F., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Maselli, O. J., Sigl, M., Muscheler, R. (2017). No nitrate spikes detectable in several polar ice cores following the largest known solar events, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 19
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Murphy, L., Chellman, N. J., Das, s., Das, s., Kipfstuhl, S., Mulvaney, R. (2017). Holocene black carbon in Antarctica paralleled Southern Hemisphere climate, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 10.1002/2017JD026599
Arienzo, M. M., Swart, P., Broad, K., Clement, A., Pourmand, A., Kakuk, B. (2017). Multi-proxy evidence of millennial climate variability from multiple Bahamian speleothems, Quaternary Science Reviews, 161, 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.02.004
De Wet, C., Arienzo, M. M., Dinterman, P., Hopkins, D. (2017). DEPOSITIONAL FACIES INFLUENCE ON SHALLOW BURIAL DOLOMITIZATION, AND TRIASSIC DEDOLOMITIZATION, MIDDLE CAMBRIAN LEDGER FORMATION, YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, Characterization and Modeling of Carbonates–Mountjoy Symposium 1, SEPM Special Publication No. 109, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2110/sepmsp.109.08
Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Pederson, G., Aarons, S., Csank, A. (2017). Reassessment of the Upper Fremont Glacier ice core chronologies by synchronizing ice core water isotopes to a nearby tree-ring chronology, Environmental Science & Technology, 51 (8), 4230-4238, 10.1021/acs.est.6b06574
Mekhaldi, F., McConnell, J. R., Adophi, R., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Maselli, O. J., Moy, A., Plummer, A. D., Sigl, M., Muscheler, R. (2017). No coincident nitrate enhancement events in polar ice cores following the largest known solar storms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027325
McConnell, J. R., Burke, A., Dunbar, N. W., Köhler, P., Thomas, J. L., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Maselli, O. J., Sigl, M., Adkins, J. F., Baggenstos, D., Burkhart, J. F., Brook, E. J., Buizert, C., Cole-Dai, J., Fleet, L. G., Fudge, T. J., Knorr, G., Graf, H. F., Grieman, M. M., Iverson, N., McGwire, K. C., Mulvaney, R., Paris, G., Rhodes, R. H., Saltzman, E. S., Severinghaus, J. P., Steffensen, J. P., Taylor, K. C., Winckler, G. (2017). Synchronous volcanic eruptions and abrupt climate change ~17.7ka plausibly linked by stratospheric ozone depletion, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114 (38), 10035-10040, 10.1073/pnas.1705595114
2016
Murray, S., Arienzo, M. M., Swart, P. (2016). Determining the ? 47 acid fractionation in dolomites, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 42-53, Pergamon
Swart, P., Cantrell, D., Arienzo, M. M., Murray, S. (2016). Evidence for high temperature and 18O enriched fluids in the Arab?D of the Ghawar Field, Saudi Arabia, Sedimentology
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Criscitiello, A., Curran, M., Fritzsche, D., Kipfstuhl, S., Mulvaney, R., Nolan, M., Opel, T., Sigl, M., Steffensen, J. P. (2016). A method for continuous 239Pu determinations in Arctic and Antarctic ice cores, Environmental Science & Technology, 50 (13), 7066-7073, 10.1021/acs.est.6b01108
2015
Arienzo, M. M., Swart, P., Pourmand, A., Broad, K., Clement, A., Murphy, L., Vonhof, H., Kakuk, B. (2015). Bahamian speleothem reveals temperature decrease associated with Heinrich stadials, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 377-386, Elsevier
2014
Murphy, L., Clement, A., Albani, S., Mahowald, N., Swart, P., Arienzo, M. M. (2014). Simulated changes in atmospheric dust in response to a Heinrich stadial, Paleoceanography, 29 (1), 30-43
Pourmand, A., Tissot, F., Arienzo, M. M., Sharifi, A. (2014). Introducing a Comprehensive Data Reduction and Uncertainty Propagation Algorithm for U?Th Geochronometry with Extraction Chromatography and Isotope Dilution MC?ICP?MS, Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 38 (2), 129-148
2013
Arienzo, M. M., Swart, P., Vonhof, H. (2013). Measurement of ?18O and ?2H values of fluid inclusion water in speleothems using cavity ring?down spectroscopy compared with isotope ratio mass spectrometry, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 27 (23), 2616-2624
Conference Proceedings
2019
Collins, M. J., McDonough, F., Juchtzer, J. W., Arienzo, M. M., Dean, J. (2019). Stories in the Snow: Crowd-Sourced Snow Crystal Images to Identify Tahoe Winter Cloud Structures, Annual Western Snow Conference: Reno, NV, April 16, 2019-April 18, 2019
Arienzo, M. M., Gleason, K. E., McConnell, J. R., Sexstone, G. (2019). Trace elements in snow samples from the Rocky Mountains, Western Snow Conference: Reno, NV, April 16, 2019-April 17, 2019
Davidson, J. M., Arienzo, M. M., Harrold, Z. R. (2019). Microplastic presence in seasonal snow from the Sierra Nevada, AGU Fall Meeting
Collins, M. J., Arienzo, M. M., Harrold, Z. R., Bradford, Z., Frey, E. (2019). Case Study on Developing a Citizen Science Protocol for Microplastics in Lake Tahoe, AGU Fall Meeting
Harrold, Z. R., Arienzo, M. M., Collins, M. J., Bai, X., Davidson, J. M. (2019). Introduction to High Volume Sampling: A novel method for sampling microplastics in diverse aqueous systems, AGU Fall Meeting
Greenwald, A., Nolin, A., Jennings, K., Drake, S., Arienzo, M. M. (2019). Forest cover controls variability in snow albedo and the snowpack energy balance in a mountain watershed, AGU Fall Meeting
Jennings, K., Arienzo, M. M., Nolin, A. (2019). Widespread Declines in Snowfall Fraction over Major US Mountain Ranges, AGU Fall Meeting
Davidson, J. M., Arienzo, M. M. (2019). The effects of dust and pollution on trace element concentrations in Chilean Snowpacks, Nevada Teach presentation: Reno, NV
Arienzo, M. M., Noble, P., Minatre, K. L. (2019). Anthropogenic and wildfire influences on black carbon deposition in a montane California lake sediment record, AGU Fall Meeting
Arienzo, M. M., Maezumi, Y., Chellman, N. J., Iriarte, J. (2019). Evidence of anthropogenic modification of the landscape through biomass burning from an Amazon lake sediment core, INQUA: Dublin, Ireland
Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Wilson, A. J., Stohl, A., Arienzo, M. M., Eckhardt, S., Kipfstuhl, S., Opel, T., Thompson, E., Pollard, M., Place, P., Steffensen, J. P. (2019). Widespread Arctic lead pollution since 1000 BCE documents ancient and medieval European lead-silver smelting, major historical events, and northern-hemisphere industrialization, Eos, Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract No. A51H-2774
2018
Arienzo, M. M., Preunkert, S., McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Legrand, M., Stohl, A., Eckhardt, S. (2018). Assessment of pollution from two ice cores from Col du Dome, French Alps, POLAR 2018: Davos, Switzerland
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Gleason, K. E., Stohl, A., Eckhardt, S. (2018). Black carbon deposition to Antarctica: Low latitude hydroclimate teleconnections, POLAR 2018: Davos, Switzerland
2017
Arienzo, M. M., Swart, P. K., Broad, K., Clement, A. C., Pourmand, A., Kakuk, B. (2017). Multi-proxy evidence of millennial scale climate variability from multiple Bahamian speleothems, GSA Annual Meeting: Seattle, WA
Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Pederson, G., Aarons, S., Csank, A. Z. (2017). An updated chronology for the Uper Fremont Glacier ice cores: Climate and environmental implications, GSA Annual Meeting: Seattle, WA
Gleason, K. E., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R. (2017). Forest Fires Darken Snow for Years following Disturbance: Magnitude, Duration, and Composition of Light Absorbing Impurities in Seasonal Snow across a Chronosequence of Burned Forests in the Colorado River Headwaters, AGU Fall Meeting: New Orleans, LA
Das, S. B., Osman, M. B., Trusel, L. D., McConnell, J. R., Smith, B. E., Evans, M. J., Frey, K. E., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J. (2017). Towards multi-decadal to multi-millennial ice core records from coastal west Greenland ice caps, 2017 EGU General Assembly: Vienna, Austria, April 23, 2017-April 28, 2017, Session No. EGU2017-11372.
McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Arienzo, M. M., Osman, M. (2017). Black carbon and large-scale biomass burning in the Arctic during the past two millennia, 2017 Fourth Santa Fe Conference on Global & Regional Climate Change: Santa Fe, NM, February 7, 2017, Paper No. T19
McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Murphy, L. N., Chellman, N. J., Das, S., Kipfstuhl, S. (2017). Black carbon, wildfire, and climate linkages in the Southern Hemisphere During the Holocene, Fourth Santa Fe Conference on Global & Regional Climate Change: Santa Fe, NM, February 8, 2017
Mekhaldi, F., McConnell, J. R., Adolphi, F., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Maselli, O. J., Sigl, M., Muscheler, R. (2017). No nitrate spikes detectable in several polar ice cores following the largest known solar events, 2017 EGU General Assembly: Vienna, Austria, April 23, 2017-April 28, 2017, Session No. EGU2017-14979.
Moy, A., van Ommen, T., McConnell, J. R., Curran, M., Phipps, S., Masson-Delmotte, V., Orsi, A., Touzeau, A., Roberts, J., Dahl-Jensen, D., Popp, T., Svensson, A., Landais, T., Vance, T., Liu, Y., Arienzo, M. M. (2017). Climate history at Aurora Basin North, East Antarctica: A 2000 year isotopic record, 2017 EGU General Assembly: Vienna, Austria, April 23, 2017-April 28, 2017, Session No. EGU2017-5821.
Shackleton, S. A., Severinghaus, J. P., Baggenstos, D., Bereiter, B., Brook, E., Menking, J. A., Petrenko, V. V., Dyonisius, M., McConnell, J. R., Rhodes, R., Bauska, T. K., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J. (2017). Timing and magnitude of Last Interglacial ocean warming, 2017 AGU Fall Meeting: New Orleans, LA, December 15, 2017, Paper No. PP53C-05.
2016
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Murphy, L., Chriscitiello, A., Das, S., Chellman, N. J. (2016). Antarctic black carbon parallels insolation and millennial scale climate variation, American Geophysical Union, Annual Meeting: San Francisco, CA
Mehterian, S., Arienzo, M. M., Swart, P. (2016). Millennial Scale Rapid Climate Change Events of the last 60kya as Observed in Multiple Stalagmites from The Bahamas, American Geophysical Union, Annual Meeting: San Francisco, CA
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Murphy-Goes, L., Criscitiello, A. S., Das, A. S., Kipfstuhl, S. (2016). Antarctic black carbon parallels insolation and millennial scale climate variation, from two Antarctic ice cores parallels Southern Hemisphere climate during the Holocene, Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016, Abstract C13B-0829
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Chellman, N. J., Criscitiello, A., Curran, M., Kipfstuhl, S., Nolan, M., Sigl, M., Steffensen, J. P. (2016). Arctic and Antarctic ice core records of Nuclear Weapons Testing, 2nd Open Science Conference, International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences (IPICS): Hobart, Tasmania, March 7, 2016-March 11, 2016
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Kipfstuhl, S. (2016). Black carbon from two Antarctic ice cores parallels Southern Hemisphere climate during the Holocene, 2nd Open Science Conference, International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences (IPICS): Hobart, Tasmania, March 7, 2016-March 11, 2016
Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Heyvaert, A. C., Vannière, B. (2016). Using paired ice core and sediment core records to evaluate Holocene black carbon flux and fire history across the Northern Hemisphere, 2nd Open Science Conference, International Partnerships in Ice Core Sciences (IPICS): Hobart, Tasmania, March 7, 2016-March 11, 2016
Massam, A., Mulvaney, R., McConnell, J. R., Abram, N., Arienzo, M. M., Whitehouse, P. L. (2016). Insights into accumulation variability over the last 2000 years at James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula, Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016, Abstract PP41C-2276
McConnell, J. R., Sigl, M., Chellman, N. J., Arienzo, M. M., Ludlow, F., Curran, M., Plunkett, G., Büntgen, U., Toohey, M., Burke, A., Smith-Johnson, V., Albert, P. (2016). Recent and future directions in ice-core records of volcanism, Volcanic Impacts on Climate and Society (VICS) Conference: Palisades, NY, June 6, 2016-June 8, 2016
2015
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R. (2015). Antarctic black carbon tracks Southern Hemisphere climate throughout the Holocene, International Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (ICCPA): Berkeley, CA, August 10, 2015-August 13, 2015
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R. (2015). Antarctic black carbon tracks Southern Hemisphere climate throughout the Holocene, PIRE Conference: Grenoble, France, September 9, 2015-September 11, 2015
Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R. (2015). Antarctic black carbon tracks Southern Hemisphere climate throughout the Holocene, Eos Trans. American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting Suppl.: San Francisco, CA, December 14, 2015-December 18, 2015, Abstract C21D-07
Chellman, N. J., McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Heyvaert, A. C., Vannière, B. (2015). Evaluating and interpreting a new method for measuring BC in lake sediment cores using paired ice core and sediment core records from the Northern Hemisphere, International Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (ICCPA): Berkeley, CA, August 10, 2015-August 13, 2015
McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Curran, M., Fritzsche, D., Kipfstuhl, S., Mulvaney, R., Sigl, M., Steffensen, J. P., Wilson, A., Yau, A. M. (2015). Dust at the Poles during the Past Three Millennium: Linkages to Climate and Land Use, Eos Trans. American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting Suppl.: San Francisco, CA, December 14, 2015-December 18, 2015, Abstract A21L-03
McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Yau, A. M. (2015). A 1300 year record of total organic carbon, black carbon, and other burning tracers from a northeast Greenland ice core, International Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (ICCPA): Berkeley, CA, August 10, 2015-August 13, 2015
2014
McConnell, J. R., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Fritzsche, D., Kreutz, K. J., Kipfstuhl, S., Maselli, O. J., Nolan, M., Pasteris, D. R., Sigl, M., Steffensen, J. P. (2014). Dust in the Arctic during the past millennium from a developing array of ice cores: Linkages to climate and land use, AGU Fall Meeting: San Francisco, December 15, 2014-December 19, 2014, Abstract A44C-05
McConnell, J. R., Sigl, M., Curran, M., Kipfstuhl, S., Mulvaney, R., Arienzo, M. M., Chellman, N. J., Maselli, O. J., Pasteris, D. R. (2014). Black Carbon at WAIS Divide, WAIS Divide Science Meeting: La Jolla, September 22, 2014-September 24, 2014
Murray, S., Swart, P., Arienzo, M. M. (2014). Clumped Isotopes in Bahamian Dolomites: A Rosetta Stone?, 02, American Geophysical Union, Annual Meeting: San Francisco, CA