DRI / DIRECTORY / ALAN GERTLER
Alan Gertler Profile Photo
Dr. Alan Gertler
Research Professor, Atmospheric Science

Professional Interests

Dr. Gertler is theVice President of Research and Chief Science Officerat the Desert Research Institute. He is also the Senior Director of DRIs Clean Technologies and Renewable Energy Center, the organizational umbrella under which all of DRIs renewable energy research, education, and outreach are conducted. His research includes both laboratory and field studies of atmospheric chemistry with particular emphasis on the impact of mobile sources on the environment. Dr. Gertlers research at DRI has also included characterization of factors affecting the rate and mechanism of SO2 and NOx oxidation in the atmosphere, wet and dry deposition processes, studies of chemical processes leading to “gas-to-particle” conversion, the effects of acids and their precursors on materials, fog and cloud droplet characterization, trace analysis of pollutants in air and water samples, and development of quality assurance procedures to ensure accuracy of wet and dry deposition data. In addition, he has investigated discrepancies between observed and predicted automotive emission factors.

His current research includes measurements and characterization of emissions from mobile sources operating on traditional, biofuel, and HCNG blends, development of new methods to attribute observed PM levels to specific sources, evaluating the magnitude and sources of atmospheric deposition, source apportionment and urban air qualities studies in the developing world, and the use and impact of alternative fuels for transportation and power generation. Among his many research projects (>$40M as PI or co-PI), Dr. Gertler has served as principal investigator for the NREL-sponsored Hydrogen Deployment and Safety in Transportation Applications and Renewable Energy Hydrogen Based System for Off-Grid Applications projects, Health Effects Institute sponsored Real-World Particulate Matter and Gaseous Emissions from Motor Vehicles in a Highway Tunnel, source attribution component of the USAID-sponsored Cairo Air Improvement Project, World Bank/NREL sponsored Hyderabad Source Apportionment Study, NCHRP-supported Road Sanding and Salting Effects on PM10 and PM2.5 Emissions by On-Road Vehicles, and the SERDP-sponsored Development and Validation of a Predictive Model to Assess the Impact of Coastal Operations on Urban Scale Air Quality. He is currently the project manager for the DOE sponsored Nevada Renewable Energy Consortium and PI for the EPA sponsored program: Developing an Urban Air Quality Management Program in Jakarta.

Research Areas

  • Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Ambient Air and Source Sampling
  • Chemical and Physical Analysis
  • Modeling and Impact Assessment
  • Quality Assurance

Education

DegreeYearInstitutionArea
Ph.D.1979University of California, Los AngelesPhysical Chemistry
B.S.1973State University of New York, AlbanyChemistry

Professional Memberships

  • Sigma Xi
  • Sigma Pi Sigma
  • American Chemical Society, Environmental Division
  • Air & Waste Management Association (A&WMA)

Awards and Honors

  • Regents Researcher Award, Nevada System of Higher Education, 2009.
  • President, International Union of Air of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Protection Agencies (IUAPPA) and the International Academy of Science, 20072010.
  • Outstanding Faculty Award, Board of Regents, University and Community College System of Nevada, 2001.
  • Hope for the Future for a Sustainable World Award 2001, International Union of Air Pollution Prevention & Environmental Protection Agencies (IUAPPA) and the International Academy of Science, 2000.
  • Alessandro Dandini Medal of Science, Desert Research Institute, 2000.
  • Thomas Kuhn Medal, International Union of Air of Pollution Prevention & Environmental Protection Agencies (IUAPPA) and the International Academy of Science, 1998.
  • Outstanding Faculty Award, Board of Regents, University and Community College System of Nevada, 1998/99.

Committees and Offices

  • President the International Union of Air of Air Pollution Prevention & Environmental Protection Agencies (IUAPPA) (2007present)
  • Vice President the International Union of Air of Air Pollution Prevention & Environmental Protection Agencies (IUAPPA) (20052007)
  • A&WMA, General Conference Chair, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Environmental Resources Management Specialty Conference, March, 1996
  • A&WMA/EPA Technical Program Chair, Computing in Environmental Management International Conference December, 1996
  • A&WMA/EPA Technical Program Chair, Computing in Environmental Management International Conference November, 1994
  • Vice-Chair, A&WMA Basic Sciences Division (20022005)
  • Chair, A&WMA Basic Sciences Division (2005present)
  • Secretary, A&WMA Technical Committee AB-2, Chemistry (19931996)
  • Chair, A&WMA Technical Committee AB-2, Chemistry (19911993, 19961999)
  • A&WMA Technical Committee AB-2, Chemistry
  • A&WMA Technical Committee AS-1, Mobile Sources

Selected Publications

Burley, J., Theiss, S., Byternowicz, A., Gertler, A.W., Schilling, S., B. K. Zielinska (2015). Surface ozone in the Lake Tahoe Basin, Atmospheric Environment,109, 351-369 (doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.02.001).

Engelbrecht, J. P., I. Kavouras, D. Shafer, D. Campbell, S. Campbell, G. McCurdy, S. Kohl, G. Nikolich, L. Sheetz, A.W. Gertler (2015). Chemical Variability of PM10 and PM 2.5 in Southwestern Rural Nevada, USA, Water Air and Soil Pollution, 226, Issue 7 Article 217 (doi:10.1007/s11270-015-2481-8).

Gertler, A.W. and D. Moshe (2014). Urban PM Source Apportionment Mapping Using Microscopic Chemical Imaging, Science of the Total Environment, 488-489, 456-460 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.10.001).

Zhu, D. Kuhns, H.D., Gillies, J.A., and Gertler, A.W. (2014). Evaluating vehicle re-entrained road dust and its potential to deposit to Lake Tahoe: A bottom-up inventory approach. Sci. Total Envion. 466-467, 277-286.

Lowenthal, D.H., Gertler, A.W., and Labib, M.W. (2014). Particulate matter source apportionment in Cairo: recent measurements and comparison with previous studies, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 11, 657-670.

Zhang, Y., D. Obrist, B. Zielinska, and A Gertler (2013). Particulate Emissions from Different Types of Biomass Burning, Atmospheric Environment, 72, 27-35.

Guttikunda, S.K., Kopakka, R.V., Dasari, P., and Gertler, A.W. (2012). Receptor model-based source apportionment of particulate pollution in Hyderabad, India. Environ. Monit. Assess. 10.1007/s10661-012-2969-2.

Zhu, D., Kuhns, H.D., Gillies, J.A., Etyemezian, V., Brown, S., and Gertler, A.W. (2012). Analysis of the effectiveness of control measures to mitigate road dust emissions in a regional network. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 17 (4), 332340.

Asaf, D., M. Peleg, J. Alsawair, A. Soleiman, V. Matveev, E. Tas, A. Gertler, and M. Luria (2011). Trans-Boundary Transport of Ozone from the Eastern Mediterranean Coast. Atmos. Environ., 45(31), 5595-5601.

Zhu, D., H. Kuhns, J. Gillies, V. Etyemezian, A. Gertler, and S. Brown (2011). Inferring Deposition Velocities from Changes in Aerosol Size Distributions Downwind of a Roadway,Atmos. Environ.,45,957-966.

Gertler, A.W., L. Bates Frymel, K. Stubbs, and R. Mills (2010). 2010 World Congress: Achieving Environmental in a Resource Hungry World, Environmental Manager, December 2010.

Guttinkunda, S.K., A.W. Gertler, R. Koppaka, Sources of PM10 and PM2.5 in Hyderabad, India (2010).Environ. Monitoring and Assess., submitted.

Abu-Allaban, M. D.H. Lowenthal, A.W. Gertler, and M. Labib (2009).
Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds in Cairos Ambient Air,Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,157, 179-189.

Engelbrecht, J.P., E.V. McDonald, J.A. Gillies, R.K.M. Jayanty, G. Casuccio and A.W. Gertler (2009).
Characterizing Mineral Dusts and Other Aerosols from the Middle EastPart 1: Ambient Sampling,Inhalation Toxicology,21(4), 297-326.

Engelbrecht, J.P., E.V. McDonald, J.A. Gillies, R.K.M. Jayanty, G. Casuccio and A.W. Gertler (2009).
Characterizing Mineral Dusts and Other Aerosols from the Middle EastPart 2: Grab Samples and Re-Suspensions,Inhalation Toxicology,21(4), 327-336.

Kahyaolu-Korain, J., S. Bassett, D. Mouat, and A. Gertler (2009).
Application of A Scenario-Based Modeling System to Predict the Air Quality Impacts of Future Growth,Atmospheric Environment,43, 1021-1028.

Zhu, D., H.D. Kuhns, S. Brown, J.A. Gillies, V. Etyemezian, and A.W. Gertler (2009).
Fugitive Dust Emissions from Paved Road Travel in the Lake Tahoe Basin,JA&WMA,15, 1219-1229.

Gillies, J.A., M. Abu-Allaban, A.W. Gertler, D. Lowenthal, B. Jennison, A. Goodrich (2008).
Enhanced PM2.5Source Apportionment Using Chemical Mass Balance Receptor Modeling and Scanning Electron Microscopy,Jordan Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences,1, 1-9.

Weinroth, E., W. Stockwell, D. Korain, J. Kahyaolu-Korain, M. Luria, T. McCord, D. Podnar, and A. Gertler (2008).
A Hybrid Model for Local and Regional Ozone Forecasting,Atmospheric Environment,42, 7002-7012.

Abu-Allaban, M., J.A. Gillies, A.W. Gertler, R. Clayton, and D. Proffitt (2007).
Motor Vehicle Contributions to Ambient PM10and PM2.5for Selected Urban Areas in the U.S.,Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,132, 155-163.

Abu-Allaban, M., D.H. Lowenthal, A.W. Gertler, and M. Labib (2007).
Sources of PM10and PM2.5in Cairo.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,133, 417-425.

Abu-Allaban, M., S. Hamasha, and A.W. Gertler (2006).
Road Dust Resuspension in the Vicinity of Limestone Quarries in Jordan,J. Air and Waste Management Association,56, 1440-1444.

Gertler, A.W., A. Bytnerowicz, T.A. Cahill, M. Arbaugh, S. Cliff, J.K. Korain, L. Tarnay, R. Alonso, and W. Frczek (2006).
Local Pollutants Threaten Lake Tahoes Clarity,California Agriculture,60, 53-58.

Gertler, A., Kuhns, H., Damm, C., Abu-Allaban, M., Gillies, J., Clayton, R., and Proffitt, D. (2006).
The Impact of Winter Road Sand/Salt and Street Sweeping on Road Dust Re-Entrainment,Atmospheric Environment,40, 5976-5985.

Engle, M.A., M.S. Gustin, S.E. Lindberg, A.W. Gertler, P.A. Ariya (2005).
The Influence of Ozone on Atmospheric Emissions of Gaseous Elemental Mercury and Reactive Gaseous Mercury from Substrates,Atmospheric Environment,39, 7506-7517.

Gertler, A.W. (2005).
Diesel vs. Gasoline Emissions: Does PM from Diesel or Gasoline Vehicles Dominate in the U.S.?Atmospheric Environment,39, 2349-2355.

Luria, M., R.L. Tanner, R.J. Valente, S.T. Bairai, D. Koracin, D., and A.W. Gertler (2005).
Local and Transported Pollution over San Diego California,Atmospheric Environment,39, 6765-6776.

Tarnay, L.W., D.W. Johnson, and A.W. Gertler (2005).
Modeled Inputs of Atmospheric Nitrogen to the Lake Tahoe Basin Due to Gaseous Pollutant Deposition,Journal of the Nevada Water Resources Association,2(1), 41-

Keywords

Renewable energy, urban air quality, air quality management, transboundary transport of pollutants, mobile sources, resuspended road dust, emissions, atmospheric deposition

 

Publications
2017
Rayne, S., Gertler, A. W., Zielinska, B. K., Bytnerowicz, A., Burley, J., Kaplan, M. L. (2017). Impact of regional meteorology on ozone levels in the Lake Tahoe Basin, Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 129 (3), 297-308, 10.1007/s00703-016-0471-z
Gertler, A. W., Labib, M., Lowenthal, D. H. (2017). Air quality issues in megacities: the challenge of Cairo, Egypt, EM Magazine (April), 15-19
Gertler, A. W. (2017). Developing an Urban Air Quality Management Program in Jakarta, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV, September 24, 2017, Final Report to the Office of International and Tribal Affairs, USEPA, Project #: EPA-OITA 20011-001
Moshe, D., Gertler, A. W. (2017). On-line Near Real Time PM Source Apportionment of Particulate Matter at Two Eigud Arim Sharon Carmel Air Monitoring Stations, Final Report to Eigud Arim Sharon Carmel, November 2017
2015
Burley, J., Rayne, S., Bytnerowicz, A., Gertler, A. W., Schilling, S., Zielinska, B. K. (2015). Surface Ozone in the Lake Tahoe Basin, Atmos. Environ., 109, 351-369, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.02.001
Engelbrecht, J. P., Kavouras, I. G., Shafer, D. S., Campbell, D. E., Campbell, S. A., McCurdy, G. D., Kohl, S. D., Nikolich, G., Sheetz, L. H., Gertler, A. W. (2015). Chemical Variability of PM10 and PM2.5 in Southwestern Rural Nevada, USA, Water Air Soil Pollut., 226:217, 1-13, 10.1007/s11270-015-2481-8
2014
Lowenthal, D. H., Gertler, A. W., Labib, M. W. (2014). Particulate matter source apportionment in Cairo: recent measurements and comparison with previous studies, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 11, 657-670, 10.1007/s13762-013-0272-6
Zhu, D., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2014). Evaluating vehicle re-entrained road dust and its potential to deposit to Lake Tahoe: a bottom-up inventory approach, Sci. Total Environ., 466-467, 277-286
Gertler, A. W., Moshe, D., Rudich, Y. (2014). Urban PM source apportionment mapping using microscopic chemical imaging, Sci. Total Environ., 488-489, 456-460
2013
Zhang, Y., Obrist, D., Zielinska, B. K., Gertler, A. W. (2013). Particulate emissions from different types of prescribed biomass burning, Atmos. Environ., 72, 27-35
Guttikunda, S. K., Kopakaa, R. V., Dasari, P., Gertler, A. W. (2013). Receptor model-based source apportionment of particulate pollution in Hyderabad, India, Monit. Assess., 185, 5585-5593, 10.1007/s10661-012-2969-2
2012
Zhu, D., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Etyemezian, V. R., Brown, S., Gertler, A. W. (2012). Analysis of the effectiveness of control measures to mitigate road dust emissions in a regional network, Transport. Res. Part D: Transport and Environ., 17 (4), 332-340
2011
Zhu, D., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Etyemezian, V. R., Gertler, A. W., Brown, S. J. (2011). Inferring deposition velocities from changes in aerosol size distributions downwind of a roadway, Atmos Environ, 45, 957-966, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.11.004
Engelbrecht, J. P., Kavouras, I. G., Shafer, D. S., Campbell, D. E., Campbell, S. A., McCurdy, G. D., Kohl, S. D., Nikolich, G., Sheetz, L. H., Gertler, A. W. (2011). Twelve Months of Air Quality Monitoring at Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Southwestern Rural Nevada, and U.S.A., Final report submitted to Nevada Site Office, National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, Las Vegas, NV. August, 2011.
2010
Gertler, A. W., Bates Frymel, L., Stubbs, K., Mills, R. (2010). 2010 World Congress: Achieving Environmental in a Resource Hungry World, Environ Manager
Zhu, D., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Etyemezian, V. R., Gertler, A. W., Brown, S. J. (2010). Inferring deposition velocities from changes in aerosol size distributions downwind of a roadway, Atmos. Environ., 45 (4), 957-966, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.11.004
2009
Hymanson, Z. P., Collopy, M. W. (Eds.) Gertler, A. W., Cahill, T. A., Cahill, T. M., Cliff, S. S., Emmett, C., Koracin, J., Kuhns, H. D., Molenar, J. V., Quashnick, J., Reuter, J. E. (2009). Air QualityAir Quality, In An Integrated Science Plan for the Lake Tahoe Basin: Conceptual Framework and Research Needs, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, in cooperation with Region IX, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Kahyaoglu-Koracin, J., Bassett, S., Mouat, D. A., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Application of a Scenario-Based Modeling System to Predict the Air Quality Impacts of Future Growth, Atmos. Environ., 43 (5), 1021-1028, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.04.004
Abu-Allaban, M., Lowenthal, D. H., Gertler, A. W., Labib, M. (2009). Sources of Volatile Organic Compounds in Cairo’s Ambient Air, Environ Monitor Assess, 157 (1-4), 179-189, 10.1007/s10661-008-0526-9
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Jayanty, R. K., Casuccio, G. S., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Characterizing Mineral Dusts and Other Aerosols from the Middle East-Part 1: Ambient Sampling, Inhal Toxicol, 21 (4), 297-326
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Jayanty, R. K., Casuccio, G. S., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Characterizing Mineral Dusts and Other Aerosols from the Middle East-Part 2: Grab Samples and Re-Suspensions, Inhal Toxicol, 21 (4), 327-336
Kahyaoglu-Koracin, J., Bassett, S., Mouat, D. A., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Application of A Scenario-Based Modeling System to Predict the Air Quality Impacts of Future Growth, Atmos Environ, 43, 1021-1028
Zhu, D., Kuhns, H. D., Brown, S. J., Gillies, J. A., Etyemezian, V. R., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Fugitive dust emissions from paved road travel in the Lake Tahoe basin, J Air & Waste Manage Assoc, 59, 1219-1229, 10.3155/1047-3289.59.10.1219
Hoekman, S.K., Gertler, A. W., Leland, A., Robbins, C. M., Natarajan, M. (2009). Biodistillate Transportation Fuels 1 – Production and Properties, Soc. Auto. Eng. Tech. Paper, No. 2009-01-2766
Robbins, C. M., Hoekman, S.K., Gertler, A. W., Leland, A., Natarajan, M. (2009). Biodistillate Transportation Fuels 2 – Emissions Impacts, Soc. Auto. Eng. Tech. Paper, No. 2009-01-2724
Leland, A., Hoekman, S.K., Gertler, A. W., Robbins, C. M., Natarajan, M. (2009). Biodistillate Transportation Fuels 3 – Life-Cycle Impacts, Soc. Auto. Eng. Tech. Paper, No. 2009-01-2768
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Jayanty, R. K., Casuccio, M., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Characterizing Mineral Dusts and Other Aerosols from the Middle East – Part 1: Ambient Aerosols, Inhalation Toxicology, 21 (4), 297-326
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Jayanty, R. K., Casuccio, M., Gertler, A. W. (2009). Characterizing Mineral Dusts and Other Aerosols from the Middle East – Part 2: Grab Samples and Re-suspensions, Inhalation Toxicology, 21 (4), 327-336
Engelbrecht, J. P., Gertler, A. W., Van Curen, R. (2009). Lake Tahoe Source Attribution Study (LTSAS): Receptor Modeling Study to Determine the Sources of Observed Ambient Particulate Matter in the Lake Tahoe Basin, Final report submitted, Jonathan Long, (Tahoe Research Program Manager, USDA Forest Service), December, 2009.
2008
Molina, L. T., Kolb, C. E., Slott, R. S. (Eds.) Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H., Labib, M., Safar, Z. (2008). , In Air Quality in Megacities, American Geophysical Union Monograph Series: Cairo, Egypt
Hymanson, Z. P., Collopy, M. W. (Eds.) Gertler, A. W., Cahill, T. A., Cahill, T. M., Cliff, S. S., Emmett, C., Koracin, J., Kuhns, H. D., Molenar, J. V., Quashnick, J., Reuter, J. E. (2008). , In Air Quality, in An Integrated Science Plan for the Lake Tahoe Basin: Conceptual Framework and Research Needs, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, in cooperation with Region IX, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
France , R. (Ed.) Shearer, A. W., Mouat, D. A., Bassett, S., Binford, M. W., Johnson, C. W., Saarinen, J. A., Gertler, A. W., Koracin, J. (2008). Land Use Scenarios: Environmental Consequences of DevelopmentLand Use Scenarios: Environmental Consequences of Development, In Integrative Studies in Water Management & Land Development, CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, LLC: Boca Raton, FL
Gillies, J. A., Abu-Allaban, M., Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H., Jennison, B., Goodrich, A. (2008). Enhanced PM2.5 source apportionment using chemical mass balance receptor modeling and scanning electron microscopy, Jordan J. Earth & Environ. Sci., 1, 1-9
Weinroth, E., Stockwell, W. R., Koracin, D. R., Kahyaoglu-Koracin, J., Luria, M., McCord, T. E., Podnar, D., Gertler, A. W. (2008). A hybrid model for ozone forecasting, Atmos. Environ., 42, 7002-7012
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2008). Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program: A Multidisciplinary Approach To Understanding Mineral Dusts from the Middle East. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2008, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, A243
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2008). Department of Defense Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program (EPMSP), Final report prepared for Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Sub-Group, Particulate Matter Working Group, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Health Promotion and Readiness
2007
Abu-Allaban, M., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W., Clayton, R., Proffitt, D. (2007). Motor Vehicle Contributions to Ambient PM10 and PM2.5 for Selected Urban Areas in the U.S., Environ. Monit. Assess., 132, 155-163
Abu-Allaban, M., Lowenthal, D. H., Gertler, A. W., Labib, M. (2007). Sources of PM10 and PM2.5 in Cairo’s ambient air, Environ. Monit. Assess., 133, 417-425
2006
Abu-Allaban, M., Hamasha, S., Gertler, A. W. (2006). Road Dust Resuspension in the Vicinity of Limestone Quarries in Jordan, J Air & Waste Manage Assoc, 56, 1440-1444
Gertler, A. W., Kuhns, H. D., Abu-Allaban, M., Damm, C. J., Gillies, J. A., Etyemezian, V. R., Clayton, R., Proffitt, D. (2006). A case study of the impact of winter road sand/salt and street sweeping on road dust re-entrainment, Atmos Environ, 40 (31), 5976-5985
Gertler, A. W., Bytnerowicz, A., Cahill, T. A., Arbaugh, M. D., Cliff, S. S., Koracin, J. K., Tarnay, L., Alonso, R., Fraczek, W. (2006). Local Pollutants Threaten Lake Tahoe’s Clarity, California Agriculture, 60, 53-58
2005
Engle, M. A., Gustin, M. S., Lindberg, S. E., Gertler, A. W., Ariya, P. A. (2005). The influence of ozone on atmospheric emissions of gaseous elemental mercury and reactive gaseous mercury from substrates, Atmos Environ, 39, 7506-7517
Gertler, A. W. (2005). Diesel vs. gasoline emissions: Does PM from diesel or gasoline vehicles dominate in the U.S.?, Atmos Environ, 39, 2349-2355
Luria, M., Tanner, R. L., Valente, R. J., Bairai, S. T., Koracin, D. R., Gertler, A. W. (2005). Local and transported pollution over San Diego California, Atmos. Environ., 39, 6765-6776
Engelbrecht, J. P., Gertler, A. W., Brown, T. J. (2005). Fort Ord Review of and Comments on Air Quality Documentation, Report prepared for Denise Duffy and Associates, 21 pp. Monterey, CA, May 2005.
Engelbrecht, J. P., Brown, T. J., Gertler, A. W. (2005). Fort Ord Review of and Comments on Air Quality Documentation, Report prepared for Denise Duffy and Associates, 20 pp., June, 2005.
2004
Molina, L. T., Molina, M. J., Slott, R. S., Kolb, C. E., Gbor, P. K., Meng, F., Singh, R., Galvez, O., Sloan, J. J., Anderson, W. P., Tang, X., Shao, M., Zhu, T., Zhang, Y. H., Hu, M., Gurjar, B. R., Artaxo, P., Oyola, P., Gramsch, E., Hidalgo, D., Gertler, A. W. (2004). Air Quality in Selected MegacitiesAir Quality in Selected Megacities, In JAWMA 2004 Critical Review Supplement,, Air and Waste Management Association: Pittsburgh, PA.
Abu-Allaban, M., Rogers, C. F., Gertler, A. W. (2004). A quantitative description of vehicle exhaust particle size distributions in a highway tunnel, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., 54 (3), 360-366
Abu-Allaban, M., Rogers, C. F., Gertler, A. W. (2004). A Quantitative Description of On-Road Vehicle Exhaust Particle Size Distributions in a Highway Tunnel, J Air & Waste Manage Assoc, 54, 360-366
Kuhns, H. D., Chang, M., Chow, J. C., Etyemezian, V. R., Chen, L.-W.A., Nussbaum, N., Nathagoundenpalayam, S., Trimble, D. L., Kohl, S. D., MacLaren, M., Abu-Allaban, M., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2004). DRI Lake Tahoe Source Characterization Study, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
2003
Abu-Allaban, M., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2003). Application of a multi-lag regression approach to determine on-road PM10 and PM2.5 emission rates, Atmos. Environ., 37 (37), 5157-5164, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.02.002
Abu-Allaban, M., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W., Clayton, R., Proffitt, D. (2003). Tailpipe, resuspended road dust, and brake-wear emission factors from on-road vehicles, Atmos. Environ., 37 (37), 5283-5293, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.05.005
2002
Abu-Allaban, M., Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H. (2002). A preliminary apportionment of the sources of ambient PM10, PM2.5, and VOCs in Cairo, Atmos. Environ., 36 , 5549-5557
Abu-Allaban, M., Coulombe, W., Gertler, A. W., Gillies, J. A., Pierson, W. R., Rogers, C. F., Sagebiel, J. C., Tamay, L. (2002). Exhaust Particle Size Distribution Measurements at the Tuscarora Mountain Tunnel, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 36 , 771-789
Ranmar, D. O., Matveev, V., Dayan, U., Peleg, M., Kaplan, J., Gertler, A. W., Luria, M., Kallos, G., Mahrer, Y. (2002). The Impact of Coastal Transportation Emissions on Inland Air Pollution Over Israel – Utilizing Numerical Simulations, Airborne Measurements and Synoptic Analyses, J. Geophys. Res., 107
Abu-Allaban, M., Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H. (2002). A Preliminary Apportionment of the Sources of Ambient PM10, PM2.5, and VOCs in Cairo, Atmos. Environ., 36 (35), 5549-5557
Tarnay, L. W., Gertler, A. W., Taylor, G. E. (2002). The use of inferential models for estimating nitric acid vapor deposition to semi-arid coniferous forests, Atmos. Environ., 36, 3277-3287
2001
Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W., Sagebiel, J. A., Dippel, W. A. (2001). On-Road Particulate Matter (PM2.5 and PM10), Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 1054-1063
Grosjean, D., Grosjean, E., Gertler, A. W. (2001). On-Road Emissions of Carbonyls from Light-Duty and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 45-53
Tarnay, L., Gertler, A. W., Blank, R. R., Taylor, G. E. (2001). Preliminary measurements of summer nitric acid and ammonia concentrations in the Lake Tahoe Basin air-shed: implications for dry deposition of atmospheric nitrogen, Elsevier, Environmental Pollution, 113, 145-153
1999
Gertler, A. W., Sagebiel, J. C., Dippel, W. A., O’Connor, C. M. (1999). The impact of California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline on real-world vehicle emissions, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 49 (11), 1339-1346
Gillies, J. A., O’Connor, C. M., Mamane, Y., Gertler, A. W. (1999). Chemical profiles for characterizing dust sources in an urban area, western Nevada, USA, Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie Supplementband, 116, 19-44
1998
Gertler, A. W., Sagebiel, J. C., Dippel, W. A., Farina, R. J. (1998). Measurements of dioxin and furan emission factors from heavy-duty diesel vehicles, J. Air Waste Manage Assoc., 48 (3), 276-278
1995
Gertler, A. W., Wittorff, D., Zielinska, B. K., Chow, J. C. (1995). Determination of mobile source particulate emission factors in tunnels, In Particulate Matter: Health and Regulatory Issues, 608-622, Air & Waste Management Association: Pittsburgh, PA
1994
Thuillier, R., Blumenthal, D., Roberts, P., Gertler, A. W., Watson, J. G. (1994). Meteorological field measurement program for SJVAQS/AUSPEX
1993
Blumenthal, D., Lurmann, F., Main, H., Prouty, J., Cleary, P., Start, G., Ricks, N., Thuillier, R., Solomon, P., Gertler, A. W., Watson, J. G., Pederson, J. (1993). Field program plan for the San Joaquin Valley Air Quality Study (SJVAQS) and the Atmospheric Utility Signatures, Predictions, and Experiments (AUSPEX) Program
Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Bowen, J. L., Frazier, C., Gertler, A. W., Fung, K., Landis, D., Ashbaugh, L. (1993). A sampling system for reactive species in the western United States, In Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques and Applications, 209-228: Lewis Publishers
Gertler, A. W., Coulombe, W., Watson, J. G., Bowen, J. L., Egami, R. T., Marsh, S. (1993). Comparison of PM 10 concentrations in high- and medium-volume samplers in a desert environment, Environ. Mon. Assess, 24 (1), 13-25
Gertler, A. W., Harrington, R., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Tanner, R., Lu, Z., Henry, R., Grosjean, D. (1993). Receptor modeling of acidic air pollutants and oxidants to forested regions in the Sierra Nevada
Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (1993). Receptor modeling of SCAQS volatile organic compounds, In Proceedings, Southern California Air Quality Study Data Analysis, 103-105, Air & Waste Management Association: Pittsburgh, PA
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Lu, Z., Gertler, A. W. (1993). Particulate and gaseous organic receptor modeling for the Southern California Air Quality Study
1992
Chow, J. C., Pritchett, L. C., Frazier, C., Watson, J. G., Gertler, A. W. (1992). Quality assurance plan of light absorption and carbon analyses for the Clean Air Status and Trends Network (CASTNET)
1991
Gertler, A. W., Pierson, W., Watson, J. G., Bradow, R. (1991). Review and reconciliation of on-road emission factors in the South Coast Air Basin
Gertler, A. W., Watson, J. G., Pierson, W. (1991). A conceptual design for a new highway vehicle emissions estimation methodology
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Egami, R. T., Bowen, J. L., Frazier, C., Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H., Fung, K. (1991). Measurements of dry deposition parameters for the California Acid Deposition Monitoring Program
1990
Bowen, J. L., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Egami, R. T., Frazier, C., Gertler, A. W. (1990). Field operations manual for the California Acid Deposition Monitoring Program: Meteorology, ozone, and dry deposition
Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Bowen, J. L., Frazier, C., Gertler, A. W., Hinsvark, B., Fung, K. (1990). Laboratory Operations Manual for the California Acid Deposition Monitoring Program: Sample pretreatment, sample preparation, and chemical analysis, Final report
Frazier, C., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Robinson, N. F., Bowen, J. L., Gertler, A. W., Lowenthal, D. H., Fung, K. (1990). Data processing and data validation operations manual for the California Acid Deposition Monitoring Program: Meteorology, ozone, and dry deposition data
Gertler, A. W., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C. (1990). Program plan for receptor modeling of acidic air pollutants and oxidants to forested regions in the Sierra Nevada
Gertler, A. W., Watson, J. G., Zielinska, B. K., Coulombe, W. (1990). NGS Visibility Impairment Contribution Study, laboratory quality assurance results, Volume III
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Egami, R. T., Bowen, J. L., Frazier, C., Gertler, A. W., Fung, K. (1990). Program plan for the California Dry Deposition Monitoring Program
Gertler, A. W., Bowen, J. L., Coulombe, W. (1990). NGS Visibility Impairment Contribution Study, Final QA report, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
1989
Gertler, A. W., Prowell, C., Robinson, N. F., Rogers, D., Rogers, C. F., Watson, J. G. (1989). Profile measurements of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and nitric acid deposition velocities in California’s South Coast Air Basin
Watson, J. G., Bowen, J. L., Chow, J. C., Egami, R. T., Gertler, A. W., Coulombe, W., Frazier, C. (1989). Field operations manual for the California Acid Deposition Monitoring Program: Meteorology, ozone, and dry deposition
Watson, J. G., Bowen, J. L., Chow, J. C., Egami, R. T., Gertler, A. W., Fung, K. (1989). Revised Program Plan for California Acid Deposition Monitoring Program
1987
Gertler, A. W., Rogers, C. F., Robinson, N. F., Watson, J. G. (1987). Uncertainites in the measurement of deposition velocities in the urban environment
Watson, J. G., Gertler, A. W., Prowell, G., Chow, J. C., Hering, S., Richards, L., Blumenthal, D. (1987). Causes of secondary aerosol in the San Joaquin Valley determined from the WOGA aerosol data base
1986
Bowen, J. L., Gertler, A. W. (1986). Atmospheric survey, Mohave Generating Station: 17th annual report covering Jan. 1 through Dec. 31, 1985, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
Chow, J. C., Gertler, A. W., Egami, R. T. (1986). Program plan to evaluate the effectiveness of street sweeping to reduce ambient particulate loadings, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
Conference Proceedings
2019
Gertler, A. W. (2019). Energy Trends and Scenarios and Their Implications for Cleaner Air, 18th World Clean Air Congress: Istanbul, Turkey, September 23, 2019-September 27, 2019, Presented.
Labib, M. W., Mohamed, Y. S., Gertler, A. W. (2019). Mitigation of Climate Change Impacts from Biomass Systems in Egypt, A&WMA’s 112th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Quebec City, Quebec, June 25, 2019-June 28, 2019, Presented.
Labib, M. W., Gertler, A. W. (2019). Climate Change Effects on the Suez Canal Area After Completion of the New Development Project, A&WMA’s 112th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Quebec City, Quebec, June 25, 2019-June 28, 2019, Presented.
Labib, M. W., Mohamed, Y. S., Gertler, A. W. (2019). Status of Renewable Energy Projects in Egypt, A&WMA’s 112th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Quebec City, Quebec, June 25, 2019-June 28, 2019, Presented.
Labib, M. W., Mohamed, Y. S., Gertler, A. W. (2019). Assessment of the Social and Economic Impacts Due to Climate Change in Egypt, A&WMA’s 112th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Quebec City, Quebec, June 25, 2019-June 28, 2019, Presented.
Labib, M. W., Mohamed, Y. S., Gertler, A. W. (2019). Approaches for Setting Up a Carbon Trading Scheme in Egypt, A&WMA’s 112th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Quebec City, Quebec, June 25, 2019-June 28, 2019, Presented.
Gertler, A. W., Moshe, D. (2019). Near-Real Time Low-Cost PM Source Apportionment Using Microscopic Chemical Imaging, 18th World Clean Air Conference: Istanbul, Turkey, September 23, 2019-September 27, 2019, Presented.
2018
Watts, A. C., McDonough, F., Leland, A., Fleitz, J. M., Richards, M., Gertler, A. W. (2018). Unmanned aircraft for precipitation enhancement, International Conference on Aerospace and Aeronautical Engineering: Abu Dhabi, UAE, February 26, 2018-March 27, 2018
Labib, M., Gertler, A. W. (2018). Evaluation of the Air Quality Monitoring Sites in Kuwait, A&WMA’s 111th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Hartford, CT, June 25, 2018-June 28, 2018, Paper No. 411953.
Labib, M., Safar, Z., Gertler, A. W. (2018). Contribution of Burning Rice Straw on the Air Quality in Cairo, A&WMA’s 111th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Hartford, CT, June 25, 2018-June 28, 2018, Paper No. 412065.
Labib, M., Saad Mohamed, Y., Gertler, A. W. (2018). Creation of Mitigation Scenarios for the Energy Sector of Egypt, A&WMA’s 111th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Hartford, CT, June 25, 2018-June 28, 2018, Paper No. 414671.
Labib, M., Saad Mohamed, Y., Gertler, A. W. (2018). Sustainable and Integrated Energy Strategy in Egypt for 2035 and its Impact on Climate Change, A&WMA’s 111th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Hartford, CT, June 25, 2018-June 28, 2018, Paper No. 417210.
Labib, M., Gertler, A. W. (2018). Non-Methane Hydrocarbons (NMHCs) Measurements in Kuwait, A&WMA’s 111th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Hartford, CT, June 25, 2018-June 28, 2018, Paper No. 412053.
Moshe, D., Gertler, A. W. (2018). A novel approach for implementing control strategies to reduce the impact of traffic emissions from roads and highways, Proceedings of 7th Transport Research Arena TRA 2018: Vienna, Austria, April 16, 2018-April 19, 2018
Shaham-Waldmann, N., Moshe, D., Sahar, N., Gertler, A. W. (2018). The Impact of Emissions from a Large Coal-Fired Power Plant on Nearby Communities in the Hadera Region, Israel, Presented at Air Pollution 2018, 26th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution: Naples, Italy, June 19, 2018-June 21, 2018
Gertler, A. W., Moshe, D., Wang, D., Huo, J. (2018). The Application of Microscopic Chemical Imaging to Determine the Sources Contributing to PM2.5 in Shanghai, Better Air Quality Conference: Kuching, Malaysia, November 14, 2018-November 16, 2018, Oral presentation.
Gertler, A. W. (2018). Global Energy Scenarios and their Implications for Air Pollution, Better Air Quality Conference: Kuching, Malaysia, November 14, 2018-November 16, 2018, Oral presentation.
Moshe, D., Gertler, A. W. (2018). A Novel Approach to Reduce the Impact of Air Pollution on Human Health, Environmental Health: New Perspectives (Annual Conference of the Israel Environment and Health Fund): Tel Aviv, Israel, December 25, 2018, Oral presentation.
2017
Labib, M., Gertler, A. W. (2017). The Impacts of Climate Change on Health in Egypt, Air & Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition: Pittsburgh, PA, June 5, 2017-June 8, 2017, Paper No. 258499.
Labib, M., Bojabarah, A. A., Al-duwaisan, K. A., Gertler, A. W. (2017). Ambient Air Quality Measurements in Kuwait in 2015, Air & Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition: Pittsburgh, PA, June 5, 2017-June 8, 2017, Paper No. 263370.
Weinroth, E., Luria, M., Gertler, A. W., Al Sawair, J., Kasakseh, S. (2017). Middle-East Transboundary Pollutant Transport: A Decade Long USAID/MERC Project, 97th American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting: Seattle, WA, January 21, 2017-January 26, 2017
Gertler, A. W., Moshe, D., Wang, D. F., Fu, Q. Y. (2017). A Preliminary Study of the Sources Contributing to Elevated PM2.5 Concentrations in Shanghai, Proceedings, ATMOS2017, 8th Atmospheric Sciences Symposium, ATMOS2017, 8th Atmospheric Sciences Symposium: Istanbul, Turkey, November 1, 2017-November 4, 2017
Gertler, A. W. (2017). Air Quality in the Middle East – The Importance of Chemistry in Addressing the Issues, American Chemical Society’s 216th 2YC3 Conference, “Chemistry Inside and Outside the Classroom”: Reno, NV, March 31, 2017-April 1, 2017
2014
Zielinska, B. K., Bytnerowicz, A., Gertler, A. W., McDaniel, M. R., Burley, J. (2014). Air Pollution in the Lake Tahoe Basin, USA, Paper presented at the Global Fair and Workshop on Long-Term Observing Systems of Mountain Social-Ecological Systems: Reno, NV, July 16, 2014
2013
Zielinska, B. K., Bytnerowicz, A., Gertler, A. W., McDaniel, M. R., Burley, J. (2013). Application of Passive Samplers for Determination of Ozone and Ozone Precursor’s Distribution in the Lake Tahoe Basin, Presented at the Air and Waste Management Annual Conference: Chicago, IL, June 24, 2013
Zielinska, B. K., Bytnerowicz, A., Gertler, A. W., McDaniel, M. R., Burley, J. (2013). Secondary pollutant formation in the Lake Tahoe Basin, USA, Presented at American Association for Aerosol Research (AAAR) Conference: Portland, OR, October 1, 2013
2012
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Jayanty, R., Casuccio, G., Gertler, A. W. (2012). Understanding mineral dusts from the Middle East, Paper presented: American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting: San Francisco, CA, December 3, 2012
Gertler, A. W. (2012). Recent advances in renewable energy technologies, Presentation at 105th Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition: San Antonio, TX, June 19, 2012
Gertler, A. W., Moshe, D., Rudich, Y. (2012). Urban PM source apportionment mapping using microscopic chemical imaging, Presented at Air Quality Management at Urban, Regional and Global Scales, 4th International Symposium and IUAPPA Regional Conference: Istanbul, Turkey, September 10, 2012
Gertler, A. W. (2012). Prospects for clean energy, Presented at Air Quality Management at Urban, Regional and Global Scales, 4th International Symposium and IUAPPA Regional Conference: Istanbul, Turkey, September 10, 2012
Gertler, A. W. (2012). University/Industry Partnerships 2.0: Building on Success, Overcoming Challenges, Panel presentation at the 125th Annual Meeting of the Association of Public Land-Grant Universities: Denver, CO, November 11, 2012
Gertler, A. W., Moshe, D., Rudich, Y. (2012). Urban PM Source Apportionment and Mapping Using Microscopic Chemical Imaging, Better Air Quality (BAQ) Conference: Hong Kong, December 5, 2012
Zielinska, B. K., Bytnerowicz, A., Gertler, A. W., McDaniel, M. R., Ahuja, S., Burley, J. (2012). Distribution of Ozone and Ozone Precursors in the Lake Tahoe Basin, Presentation at 2012 Tahoe Science Conference: Incline Village, NV, May 22, 2012
Zielinska, B. K., Bytnerowicz, A., Gertler, A. W., McDaniel, M. R., Ahuja, S., Burley, J. (2012). Distribution of Ozone and Ozone Precursors in the Lake Tahoe Basin, USA, Presentation at 8th international Conference on Air Quality: Athens, Greece, March 19, 2012
Zhang, Y., Obrist, D., Zielinska, B. K., Gertler, A. W. (2012). Smoke emissions from prescribed burning in the Lake Tahoe Basin (Nevada/California), Tahoe Science Conference: Incline Village, CA, May 2012
Zhang, Y., Obrist, D., Zielinska, B. K., Gertler, A. W. (2012). Emissions of carbon species, organic polar compounds, potassium, and mercury from prescribed burning activities, 2012 Tahoe Science Conference: Incline Village, CA, May 2012
Zhang, Y., Obrist, D., Zielinska, B. K., Gertler, A. W. (2012). Emissions of carbon species, organic polar compounds, potassium, and mercury from prescribed burning activities, Abstract EGU2012-12008ys, European Geophysical Union Annual Meeting: Vienna, Austria, April 2012
2011
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W., R.K.M. Jayanty, Casuccio, G. (2011). A Multidisciplinary Approach to Understanding Mineral Dusts from the Middle East, 9th International Conference on Military Geosciences: Las Vegas, NV, June 20, 2011-June 24, 2011
2010
Obrist, D., Gertler, A. W., Zielinska, B. K. (2010). Particulate Emissions from Biomass Burning: Contributions from Residential Wood Combustion, Forest Fires, and Prescribed Fires, Lake Tahoe Environmental Research Center Symposium on Forest Management Decision Support Tools: Incline Village, NV, November 2010.
2009
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W., Casuccio, G., Jayanty, J. (2009). A Multidisciplinary Approach to Understanding Mineral Dusts from the Middle East, and Their Potential Impact on Human Health, 7th International Conference on Air Quality – Science and Application: Istanbul, Turkey, March 24, 2009-March 27, 2009
2008
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2008). Chemistry and Individual Particle Characteristics of Aerosols from the Middle East, 33rd International Geological Congress: Oslo, Norway, August 6, 2008-August 14, 2008
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W. (2008). Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program: A Multidisciplinary Approach To Understanding Mineral Dusts from the Middle East. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2008, Goldschmidt 2008: Vancouver, Canada, July 13, 2008-July 18, 2008
Gillies, J. A., McDonald, E. V., Engelbrecht, J. P., Gertler, A. W. (2008). Chemistry and Individual Particle Characteristics of Aerosols from the Middle East, 11th Annual Force Health Protection Conference: Albuquerque, NM, August 9, 2008-August 15, 2008
2007
Engelbrecht, J. P., McDonald, E. V., Gillies, J. A., Gertler, A. W., Skiba, M. (2007). Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program, 10th Annual Force Health Protection Conference: Louisville, KY, August 5, 2007-August 10, 2007
2004
Engelbrecht, J. P., Gertler, A. W. (2004). Developing Chemical Source Profiles for Greater Cairo, Using Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) Receptor Modeling, International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA), 13th Clean Air and Environmental Protection Congress and Exhibition: London, UK, August 22, 2004-August 27, 2004
Engelbrecht, J. P., Gertler, A. W. (2004). Sources of Ambient PM in the Greater Cairo Area: Application of Positive Matrix Factorization Receptor Modeling, Air and Waste Management Association (A&WMA) Meeting 2004: Indianapolis, IN, June 22, 2004-June 25, 2004
2001
Tarnay, L. W., Gertler, A. W., Luria, M. (2001). Sources and Magnitudes of Nitrogen-containing Compounds Responsible for Deposition in the Lake Tahoe Basin, California-Nevada, J. Geophys. Res., Paper #395 (June 24-28, 2001), AWMA 94th annual Meeting & Exhibition: Orlando, FL
1991
Egami, R. T., Gertler, A. W., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Purcell, R. G., Bowen, J. L. (1991). A medium-volume sampler for use in source apportionment studies, Proceedings, 84th Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Paper 91-55.1.