DRI / DIRECTORY / CLAY COOPER
Clay Cooper Profile Photo
Dr. Clay Cooper
Hourly LOA - Associate Research Professor

Professional Interests

My research interests are in many aspects of fluid dynamics and transport phenomena in multiphase, multicomponent systems above and below the land surface. These include diffusion and dispersion in aquifers and reservoirs, gas flow in both porous media and fractures, density-driven flow due to unstable solute gradients, thermal convection and buoyancy-driven processes, and coupled (chemical and physical) phenomena, all operating over scales from millimeters to tens of kilometers. These processes operate in aquifers, unsaturated zones, petroleum and geothermal reservoirs, and CO2sequestration sites. Some of these problems lend themselves well to laboratory study, which are under-utilized in the hydrologic sciences, even though they fill a basic need to further our understanding of certain types of flow and transport processes. Laboratory investigation enhances our understanding primarily by allowing one to work with few assumptions, explore the physics and scaling properties of phenomena, and develop analytical models that explain correlations at full scale. The results can then be used to challenge and improve existing conceptual models, which in turn can be used to produce more refined numerical models.

I also teach GEOL 786 Contaminant Transport in Groundwater Flow Systems and GE 414/614 Hydrologic Fluid Dynamics at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Research Areas

  • Hydrology of the Unsaturated Zone
  • Contaminant Transport
  • Hydrogeological Controls on Availability and Quality of Ground Water

Education

Degree Institution Area
Ph.D. University of Nevada, Reno Hydrology
M.S. University of Nevada, Reno Hydrology/Hydrogeology
B.S. Northern Arizona University Geology

Academic Affiliations

Keywords

groundwater, fluid mechanics, geothermal, reservoir engineering, multiphase flow, unsaturated zone

 

Publications
2019
Sackett, J. D., Shope, C., Bruckner, J., Wallace, J., Cooper, C. A., Moser, D. P. (2019). Microbial community structure and metabolic potential of the hyporheic zone of a large mid-stream channel bar, Geomicrobiology Journal, 36 (9), 1-12
2018
Furtak-Cole, E., Telyakovskiy, A. S., Cooper, C. A. (2018). A series solution for horizontal infiltration in an initially dry aquifer, Advances in Water Resources, 116, 145-152
2017
Pohlmann, K. F., Healey, J. M., Lyles, B. F., Cooper, C. A., Hershey, R. L. (2017). Hydrophysical Evaluation of Wells TW-B, TW-7, UE-6d, U-2gg PSE 3A, U-10L 1, and UE-6e in Yucca Flat (45274, DOE/NV/0000939-40), Desert Research Institute Publication No. 45274
Furtak-Cole, E., Telyakovskiy, A. S., Cooper, C. A. (2017). A Series Solution for Horizontal Infiltration in an Initially Dry Aquifer, Advances in Water Resources, 116, 145-152
2015
Chapman, J. B., Cooper, C. A., Lyles, B. F., Hershey, R. L., Healey, J. M. (2015). Handbook: Collecting Groundwater Samples from Monitoring wells in Frenchman Flat, CAU 98, DOE/NV/0000939-23, Desert Research Institute Publication No. 45261
Cooper, C. A., Chapman, J. B. (2015). Radionuclide MIgration at the Gasbuggy Underground Nuclear Test Site, LMS/GSB/S13226, DRI Report No. 41262
2014
Cooper, C. A., Crews, J. B., Schumer, R., Breitmeyer, R. J., Voepel, H. E., Decker, D. L. (2014). Experimental investigation of transient thermal convection in porous media, Transport in Porous Media, 104 (2), 335-347, 10.1007/s11242-014-0337-0
Crews, J. B., Cooper, C. A. (2014). Experimental evidence for seismically initiated gas bubble nucleation and growth in groundwater as a mechanism for co-seismic borehole water level rise and remotely triggered seismicity, Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 119, 10.1002/2014JBO11398
Crews, J. B., Cooper, C. A. (2014). Transient pore pressure response to confining stress excursions in Berea sandstone flooded with an aqueous solution of CO2, Water Resources Research, 50, 4775-4786, 10.1002/2014WR015305
2013
Stonestrom, D. A., Andraski, B. J., Cooper, C. A., Mayers, C. J., Michel, R. L. (2013). On the conversion of tritium units to mass fractions for hydrologic applications, Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2013.766610, http://dx..org/10.1080/10256016.2013.766610
Maples, S. R., Andraski, B. J., Stonestrom, D. A., Cooper, C. A., Pohll, G. M., Michel, R. L. (2013). Tritium plume dynamics in the shallow unsaturated zone in an arid environment, Vadose Zone Journal, 12, 10.2136/vzj2013.05.0080
Cooper, C. A., Hershey, R. L., Healey, J. M., Lyles, B. F. (2013). Estimation of groundwater recharge at Pahute Mesa using the chloride mass-balance method, Desert Research Institute, Desert Research Institute Publication No. 45251
Hodges, R., Falta, R., Cooper, C. A. (2013). Modeling of flow and transport induced by production of hydrofracture stimulated gas wells near the Rulison nuclear test, Transport in Porous Media, 10.1007/s11242-013-0264-5
2012
Shope, C., Constantz, J. E., Cooper, C. A., McKay, W. A., Pohll, G. M., Reeves, D. M. (2012). Influence of a large fluvial island, streambed, and streambank on surface water-groundwater fluxes and water table dynamics, Water Resources Research, 10.1029/2011WR011564
Jasoni, R. L., Larsen, J. D., Lyles, B. F., Healey, J. M., Cooper, C. A., Hershey, R. L. (2012). Data Report: Meteorological and Evapotranspiration Data from Sagebrush and Pinyon Pine/Juniper Communities at Pahute Mesa, Nevada National Security Site, 2011-2012 (45248), Desert Research Institute Publication No. 45248
2011
Garcia, C. A., Andraski, B. J., Stonestrom, D. A., Cooper, C. A., Simunek, J., Wheatcraft, S. W. (2011). Interacting vegetative and thermal contributions to water movement in desert soil, Vadose Zone Journal, 10, 552-564
Cooper, C. A., Decker, D. L. (2011). Injection of nuclear rocket exhaust and water into a deep unsaturated zone, Nuclear Technology, 174, 452-459
2010
Cooper, C. A., Chapman, J. B., Zhang, Y., Hodges, R., Ye, M. (2010). Update of Tritium Transport Calculations for the Rulison Site: Report of Activities and Results During 2009-2010
2009
Garcia, A., Andraski, B. J., Stonestrom, D. A., Cooper, C. A., Johnson, M. J., Michel, R. L., Wheatcraft, S. W. (2009). Transport of tritium contamination to the atmosphere in an arid environment, Vadose Zone Journal, 8, 450-461, 10.2136/vzj2008.0022
Ye, M., Cooper, C. A., Chapman, J. B., Gillespie, D. R., Zhang, Y. (2009). Geologically based Markov chain model for simulating tritium transport with uncertain conditions in a nuclear-stimulated natural gas reservoir, SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 12 (6), 974-984, 10.2118/114920-PA
2007
Decker, D. L., Cooper, C. A., Jacobson, R. L., Oberlander, P. L., Shafer, D. S. (2007). Preliminary numerical modeling and sub-scale experimental design of a nuclear rocket test facility with vadose zone exhaust sequestration at the Nevada Test Site
Decker, D. L., Cooper, C. A., Jacobson, R. L., Oberlander, P. L., Shafer, D. S. (2007). Preliminary Numerical Modeling and Sub-scale Experimental Design of a Nuclear Rocket Test Facility with Vadose Zone Exhaust Sequestration at the Nevada Test Site, DRI Report No. 41238
2005
Mayers, C. J., Andraski, B. J., Cooper, C. A., Wheatcraft, S. W., Stonestrom, D. A., Michel, R. L. (2005). Modeling tritium transport through a deep unsaturated zone in an arid environment, Vadose Zone Journal, 4, 967-976, 10.2136/vzj2004.0179
Weisbrod, N., Pillersdorf, M., Dragila, M., Graham, C., Cassidy, J., Cooper, C. A. (2005). Evaporation from fractures exposed at land surface: Impact of gas-phase convection on salt accumulation, Dynamics of Fluids and Transport in Fractured Rock, Geophysical Monograph Series 162, American Geophysical Union, 151-164
Thomas, J. M., Mihevc, T. M., Cooper, C. A., Gunter, M., Heyvaert, A. C., Michalski, G. (2005). Groundwater Nutrient Loading to Lake Tahoe in a Near-Shore Area with High Turbidity and Chlorophyll, DRI Report No. 41213
Mihevc, T. M., Thomas, J. M., Cooper, C. A., Powell, R., Larson, J. (2005). Groundwater Nutrient Loading to Bridgeport Reservoir, DRI Report No. 41215
2003
Young, M. H., Lyles, B. F., Dana, G. L., Cooper, C. A. (2003). Evaluation of Infiltration Through Biocovers at the Outerloop RDF Louisville, KY, DRI Report No. 41187
2002
Pringle, S., Glass, R. J., Cooper, C. A. (2002). Double-diffusive finger convection in a Hele-Shaw cell: An experiment exploring the evolution of concentration fields, length scales and mass transfer, Transport in Porous Media, 47, 195-214
2001
Cooper, C. A., Glass, R. J., Tyler, S. W. (2001). Effect of buoyancy ratio on the development of double-diffusive finger convection in a Hele-Shaw cell, Water Resources Research, 37, 2323-2332
2000
Pringle, S. E., Cooper, C. A., Glass, R. J. (2000). Highly unstable double-diffusive finger convection in a Hele-Shaw cell: Baseline experimental data for evaluation of numerical models, 34 pp., SAND2000-3209J, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico
1998
Stockman, H. W., Glass, R. J., Cooper, C. A., Rajaram, H. (1998). Accuracy and computational efficiency in 3D dispersion via lattice-Boltzmann: Models for dispersion in rough fractures and double-diffusive fingering, International Journal of Modern Physics C, 9, 1-13
1997
Stockman, H. W., Li, C., Cooper, C. A. (1997). Practical application of lattice-gas and lattice Boltzmann methods to dispersion problems, InterJournal of Complex Systems, manuscript no. 90
Cooper, C. A., Glass, R. J., Tyler, S. W. (1997). Experimental investigation of the stability boundary for double-diffusive finger convection in a Hele-Shaw cell, Water Resources Research, 33, 517-526
Conference Proceedings
2019
Hershey, R. L., Parashar, R., Pham, H. V., Lyles, B. F., Cooper, C. A., Heintz, K. M. (2019). Evaluation of Timber Mountain Recharge and Groundwater Flow in Relation to Pahute Mesa Groundwater Flow, Department of Energy, Underground Test Area Activity, Technical Information Exchange, August 29, 2019
2017
Cooper, C. A., Chapman, J. B., Hodges, R., Dayvault, J. (2017). Radionuclide migration at a Plowshare Program site: the Gasbuggy Underground Nuclear Test Site, San Juan County, New Mexico, Waste Management: Phoenix, March 5, 2017-March 9, 2017
2016
Furtak-Cole, E., Telyakovskiy, A. S., Cooper, C. A. (2016). A series solution for horizontal infiltration in an initially dry aquifer, American Mathematical Society sectionals: Denver, CO, October 8, 2016-October 9, 2016, Presented.
2014
Crews, J. B., Cooper, C. A. (2014). Experimental Investigation of Remote Seismic Triggering by Gas Bubble Growth in Groundwater, S51A-4396, American Geophysical Union 2014 Fall Meeting: San Francisco, California, December 15, 2014-December 19, 2014
2012
Hodges, R., Cooper, C. A., Falta, R. (2012). Modeling of flow and transport induced by production of hydrofracture stimulated gas wells near the Rulison nuclear test, TOUGH Symposium 2012: Berkeley, Calif.
Crews, J. B., Cooper, C. A. (2012). Bubble nucleation in groundwater triggered by seismic stimulation: A laboratory study, 46th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium: Chicago, Il
Cooper, C. A., Thomas, J. M., Lyles, B. F., Reeves, D. M., Pohll, G. M., Parashar, R. (2012). A Preliminary Geochemical Description of the Geothermal Reservoir at Astor Pass, Northern Pyramid Lake, Nevada, 36, 37-40, GRC Transactions: Reno, Nevada
Howe, S. D., Bedsun, D., Lee, D., Townsend, M., Cooper, C. A., Chapman, J. B., Bulman, M., Samborski, R., Brasuell, D., Zillmer, A., Borowski, S. (2012). Ground testing of a nuclear thermal rocket: Design of a sub-scale demonstration experiment, 48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference: Pasadena, Calif.
2011
Crews, J. B., Cooper, C. A. (2011). Release of dissolved CO2 from water in laboratory porous media following rapid depressurization, AGU: San Francisco
Voepel, H. E., Schumer, R., Breitmeyer, R. J., Cooper, C. A., Decker, D. L. (2011). Laboratory Models of Thermal Convection in Porous Media, AGU Fall Meeting: San Francisco, CA
Crews, J. B., Cooper, C. A. (2011). Seismically Driven Outgassing of CO2 from Water in Laboratory Porous Media, H51G-1266, American Geophysical Union 2011 Fall Meeting: San Francisco, California, December 5, 2011-December 9, 2011
2010
Shope, C., Constantz, J. E., Cooper, C. A., McKay, W. A. (2010). Stream and Ground Water Water Exchange at a Large Fluvial Island, American Geophysical Union (AGU) Annual Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California
2009
Cooper, C. A., Decker, D. L. (2009). Injection of nuclear rocket exhaust and water into a deep unsaturated zone, TOUGH Symposium 2009: Berkeley, Calif.
2008
Cooper, C. A., Decker, D. L. (2008). Injection of nuclear rocket engine exhaust into deep unsaturated zones, AGU 2008 Joint Assembly
2006
Cooper, C. A., Ye, M., Chapman, J. B. (2006). Tritium transport through a low-permeability natural gas reservoir, TOUGH Symposium 2006, May 15-17: Berkeley, Calif.
Weisbrod, N., Dragila, M., Kamai, T., Pillersdorf, M., Cooper, C. A. (2006). On the connection between surface exposed fractures, atmospheric conditions and groundwater salinization in arid environment, Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, October 22-25: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Breitmeyer, R. J., Cooper, C. A., Decker, D. L. (2006). Thermal convection in laboratory-scale porous media: San Francisco, CA