PAM Publications

DRI Technical Reports (*.pdf format)

Proceedings: Polyacrylamide (PAM) and PAM Alternatives Workshop, February 26-27, 2008, Albany, CA
Download full document: 2008_PAM_Workshop.pdf (11.8 MB)

Evaluation of Linear Anionic Polyacrylamide (LA-PAM) Application to Water Delivery Canals for Seepage Reduction
Executive Summary: PAM_Field_Studies_041245_exec_summary.pdf (108 K)
Download full document: PAM_Field_Studies_041245.pdf (2.4 MB)

Risk Characterization: Using Linear Anionic Polyacrylamide (LA-PAM) to Reduce Water Seepage from Unlined Water Delivery Canal Systems
Summary of Findings
Download full document: PAM_Risk_Characterization_031607.pdf (399 K)

Technical Report: Results of Laboratory Experiments in Support of PAM-Related Research
Abstract
Download full document: 41237_PAM_Lab_Experiments_July_2007.pdf (626 K)

Application Guidelines: Use of Granular Polyacrylamide (PAM) in Water Delivery Canals for Seepage Control
Abstract
Download full document: 41239_PAM_Application_Guidelines.pdf (74 K)

Journal Papers and Theses

M.H. Young, E.A. Moran, Z. Yu, J. Zhu, D.M. Smith. 2009. , Reducing Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity of Sandy Soils with Polyacrylamide.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 73:13-20
Download full document: Young_et_al_2009_PAM_Ksat.pdf (1.1 MB)

J. Zhu and M.H. Young. 2009. Sensitivity of Unlined Canal Seepage to Hydraulic Properties of Polyacrylamide-Treated Soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 73:695-703. 2009.
Download full document: Zhu_and_Young_SSSAJ_2009_PAM.pdf (900 K)

T. Arrowood. 2008. Determining the Fate and Transport of the Acrylamide Monomer (AMD) in Soil and Groundwater Systems. Thesis, Department of Geosciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
Download full document: Arrowood_Thesis.pdf (1.3 MB)

E. Moran. 2007. Laboratory Studies to Examine the Impacts of Polyacrylamide (PAM) on Soil Hydraulic Conductivity. Thesis, Department of Geosciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas. 2007.
Download full document: Moran_Thesis.pdf (900 K)

Scientific Abstracts

Benefits and Risks of using Linear Anionic Polyacrylamide (LA-PAM) for Seepage Reduction in Unlined Water Delivery Canals

Comparison of Numerical and Steady-state Models to Predict Vertical Water Flux With Application to Water Delivery Canals

Seepage Reduction from Unlined Irrigation Canals: Water Quality and Seepage Reduction Effectiveness

Mechanisms for reducing infiltration in laboratory columns using polyacrylamide (PAM)

Use of Polyacrylamide to Reduce Seepage From Unlined Irrigation Canals

Effects of Polyacrylamide Treated Soils on Water Seepage in Unlined Water Delivery Canals

Modeling Polyacrylamide Transport in Water Delivery Canals

Use of Polyacrylamide to Reduce Seepage From Unlined Irrigation Canals: Initial Results From Small Scale Test Troughs

Laboratory Studies to Examine the Impact of Polyacrylamide (PAM) on Soil Hydraulic Conductivity

Press Releases and Newsletters
USBR Press Release