Surface Water Hydrology

Surface water hydrology is particularly important in semi-arid and arid environments. Researchers within the Division of Hydrologic Sciences (DHS) study many aspects of surface water in all environments, but especially in the western United States. Using a multidisciplinary approach, both scientists and engineers perform basic and applied studies to better understand numerous hydrologic processes of surface water, such as alluvial fan hydraulics, rainfall-runoff response, flood and volume-frequency relationships in ephemeral streams, water quality in streams and watersheds, sediment and contaminant transport, and impacts on aquatic ecosystems. These comprehensive studies will provide better tools for various hydrologic research and management issues including streamflow forecasting, stream corridor restoration, predicting the effects of wildfire on surface runoff and erosion, stormwater management, and understanding impacts of changing land use activities on quality and quantity of hydrologic systems in the growing western US under changing climate conditions. Surface water researchers use both field monitoring, with state-of-the-art field measurement and laboratory techniques, and integrated modeling, requiring parameter estimation and optimization, in their studies. Collaboration with other DHS researchers studying vadose zone hydrology, hydrogeology, and ecological systems aids in studying the coupled processes between these systems. Many surface water researchers also teach and advise graduate students within the Nevada System of Higher Education universities.

DHS research projects related to "surface water hydrology" are listed below.
Developing and Enhancing Landsat Derived Evapotranspiration and Surface Energy Products: 2012-2017 Landsat Science Team
Towards Developing Automated Remotely Sensed Energy Balance Fluxes in the Central Valley
Erosion Assessment for the L-Bar, New Mexico, Disposal Site
Development of Macropores in the Subsurface by Burrowing Organisms & their Impacts on Infiltration, Runoff, and Contaminant Transport Characteristics
Watershed-Based Plan for the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe
Development of a Regional Water Management Plan for the Carson River Watershed
Technical Research Engineering and Development DOE/NNSA/NSO contract (TREDS) - CEMP
Technical Research Engineering and Development DOE/NNSA/NSO contract (TREDS) - CRMP and AIP
Technical Research Engineering and Development DOE/NNSA/NSO contract (TREDS) - Soils
Technical Research Engineering and Development DOE/NNSA/NSO contract (TREDS) - UGTA
Developing Historical and Future Agricultural Evapotranspiration and Irrigation Water Requirements
Numerical Modeling for Water Demands Under Climate Change
Towards the Development of a Reservoir Meteorological Network to Estimate Evaporation
Investigations of the Effect of Virgin River Water Quality on Native Fishes
Predicting the Interactions between Flow, Sediment, and Riparian Vegetation
NIWR Program (Effects of CC on Snowpack; Hyporheic Exchange Truckee River; Tamarisk Water Use; LV Water System Resiliency)
Rainbow Wash Watershed study
Nevada Water Resources Data, Modeling, and Visualization (DMV) Phase II
Tahoe Stormwater Particle Assessment and Management for Urban and Roadway Runoff
Evaluation of Nearshore Ecology and Aesthetics
Evaluating the Vulnerability of Pyramid Lake Paiute Indian Water Rights under Climate Change
Bishop Creek Hydroloelectric Project
Rush Creek Hydroloelectric Project
A novel model to improve interpretation of the geologic record
Investigation of Methods of Potential Value to Monitor Groundwater Recharge in the Mountains of California
Truckee Meadows Climate Trends Analysis
Orange County Water District Litigation
USGS Non-Competitive Assistance FY 2009 - Headquarters
Sweeper Study in Incline Village
Nevada Infrastructure for Climate Change Science, Education and Outreach
Nevada Infrastructure for Climate Change Science, Education, and Outreach
Nevada Infrastructure for Climate Change Science, Education, and Outreach
Determining Sources of Highway Runoff Fine Sediment in Stormwater, Streams, and Lake Tahoe using Fingerprinting Techniques
WAIS DIVIDE - High Temporal Resolution Black Carbon Record of Southern Hemisphere Biomass Burning
Independent Review of NDOT Storm Water Monitoring Program Plans and Monitoring Reports
Rosewood Creek Stream Environment Zone Restoration Monitoring: Washoe County, Nevada
Development of a BMP Performance Assessment and Data Analysis System for the Tahoe Integrated Information Management System (TIIMS)
Predicting and Managing Changes in Near-Shore Water Quality
Tahoe Basin Particle Size Analysis and Protocol Development
Impact of the Lower and Middle Rosewood Creek Restoration Projects on the Delivery of Nutrients and Suspended Sediment to Lake Tahoe
Technical Support to the DOE Office of Legacy Management
Collaborative Research: Norwegian-United States IPY Scientific Traverse: Climate Variability and Glaciology in East Antarctica
Development of Tools and Solutions to Optimize the Operations of the Truckee River based on the Requirements of the Truckee River Operating Agreement
Technical Research, Engineering and Development Services for NNSA/NSO (TREDS)
Cover Renovation Study: Study Site Selection, Lysimeter Design, and Instrumentation Procurement
Trace and Ultra-Trace Chemistry Measurements of the WAIS Divide Ice Core
Field Evaluation of Polyacrylamide (PAM) Effectiveness and Laboratory Studies to Assess Microbial Degradation (PAM IV)
Technical Assistance to NDEP - Truckee River TMDL Review
Perform Studies to Understand and Improve the Quality of Real Time Hydrologic Data Acquisition Storage, and Usage to Improve Water Management of the Truckee-Carson River System
Regionally Based Clean Water Activities
Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology and Riparian Areas