Dr. Rosemary W. Carroll

Associate Research Professor Hydrology
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integrated watershed modeling; snow-dominated headwater systems; agricultural hydrology

Professional Interests

Numerical modeling of groundwater and surface water interactions and water resources management.

Representative Projects/Interests:

  • Groundwater residence time as a function of streamflow age distributions
  • MODFLOW and MODSIM simulations to supportwater rights transfers.
  • Impact of climate on mercury transport and bioaccumulation.
  • Integrated modeling to investigate linkages between climate, vegetation and hydrology.
  • Data gap analysis for contaminants of emerging concern
  • Flood Risk assessment
  • Integrated economic-hydrologic-ecologic framework for resilient groundwater governance systems.
  • Design guidelines for slope stabilization
  • Incorporating remote sensing into model evaluation.
  • Stable isotope mixing models
  • Multi-modeling approach to limit assumptions and improve conceptualization.
  • WASH and IWRM
  • Optimization and uncertainty techniques

Research Areas

  • Integrated Watershed System

Education

DegreeYearInstitutionArea
Ph.D. 2010 University of Nevada, Reno Hydrology
M.S. 1999 University of Nevada, Reno Hydrology
B.S. 1989 Bates College, Lewiston, Maine Physics

Publications & Presentations

2017

Carroll, R. W., Huntington, J. L., Snyder, K. A., Niswonger, R. G., Morton, C. G., Stringham, T. K. (2017). Evaluating mountain meadow groundwater response to Pinyon-Juniper and temperature in a Great Basin watershed, Ecohydrology, 10, (1), doi: 10.1002/eco.1792 Article No. e1792
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J. (2017). The importance of dynamic mercury water column concentrations on body burdens in a planktivorous fish: a bioenergetic and mercury mass balance perspective, Ecological Modelling, 364, 66-76, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.09.011
Winnick, M. J., Carroll, R. W., Williams, K. H., Maxwell, R. M., Dong, W., Maher, K. (2017). Snowmelt controls on concentration-discharge relationships and the balance of oxidative and acid-base weathering fluxes in an alpine catchment, East River, Colorado, Water Resources Research, 53, (3), 2507-2523, doi: 10.1002/2016WR019724

2016

Bearup, L. A., Carroll, R. W., Williams, K. H., Maxwell, R. M., Foster, L. (2016). Observing and modeling snow processes across spatial and temporal scales in Rocky Mountain headwater catchments, American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016
Carroll, R. W., Bearup, L. A., Versteeg, R., McCurdy, G. D., Potter, B., Maxwell, R. M., Williams, K. H. (2016). Building observational networks for hydrologic characterization of the snow-dominated SFA East River watershed study site., Department of Energy, Environmental Systems Science Principal Investigator Meeting: Bolger Center, Potomac, MD, April 26, 2016-April 27, 2016
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Benedict, J., Felling, R. (2016). Curtailing Agricultural Pumping in an Era of Extended Drought: Infusing Science and Legality into a Common Hydrologic Framework, American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J. (2016). Modeling the Highly Dynamic Loading of Mercury Species in the Carson River and Lahontan Reservoir System, Nevada, Journal of American Water Resources Association, 52, (5), 1207-1222, doi: 10.1111/1752-1688.12448
Foster, L., Beisman, J., Maxwell, R. M., Bearup, L. A., Williams, K. H., Carroll, R. W. (2016). Development of simulation capabilities to model hydrochemical cycling at the Berkeley Lab?s East River field site, Department of Energy, Environmental Systems Science Principal Investigator Meeting: Bolger Center, Potomac, MD, April 26, 2016-April 27, 2016
Garner, C. B., Triana, E., Pohll, G. M., Minor, T. B., Carroll, R. W. (2016). Walker River Decision Support Tool: Version 3, Ed. Thomas, J. M., Accepted
Huntington, J. L., McGwire, K. C., Morton, C. G., Snyder, K., Peterson, S., Erickson, T., Niswonger, R., Carroll, R. W., Smith, G. T., Allen, R. (2016). Assessing the Role of Climate and Resource Management on Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Changes in Arid Environments with the Landsat Archive, Remote Sensing of Environment, 185, 186-197, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.07.004
Kenwell, A., Navarre-Stichler, A., Prugue, R., Spear, J., Maxwell, R., Hering, A., Carroll, R. W., Williams, K. (2016). Using geochemical indicators to distinguish high biogeochemical activity in sediments, Science of the Total Environment, 563-564, 386-395, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.014
Maher, K., Winnick, M. J., Liu, Y., Druhan, J. L., Lawrence, C. R., Maxwell, R. M., Steefl, C. I., Williams, K. H., Carroll, R. W. (2016). A multiscale approach to modeling carbon cycling within a high-elevation watershed, Department of Energy, Environmental Systems Science Principal Investigator Meeting: Bolger Center, Potomac, MD, April 26, 2016-April 27, 2016
McGraw, D. S., Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Chapman, J. B., Bacon, S. N., Jasoni, R. L. (2016). Groundwater Resource Sustainability: Modeling Evaluation for the Naval Air Weapons Station, China Lake, California, Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division Technical report, NAWCWD TP 8811
Pohll, G. M., Garner, C. B., Minor, T. B., Triana, E., Carroll, R. W. (2016). Walker River Decision Support Tool and Spatial Database, Desert Terminus Lakes Symposium: University of Nevada, Reno, November 9, 2016-November 10, 2016
Pribulick, C. E., Foster, L. M., Bearup, L. A., Navarre-Sitchler, A. K., Williams, K. H., Carroll, R. W., Maxwell, R. M. (2016). Contrasting the hydrologic response due to land cover and climate change in a mountain headwaters system, Ecohydrology, 9, (8), 1431-1438, doi: 10.1002/eco.1779
Sutfin, N. A., Rowland, J. C., Fratkin, M., Stauffer, S. S., Brown, W. S., Carroll, R. W., Williams, K. H., Perkins, G. (2016). Seasonal and annual shifts in the role of floodplains as sources and sinks of organic carbin, American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016
Tang, G., Carroll, R. W., Lutz, A. D. (2016). Regulation of precipitation-associated vegetation dynamics on catchment water balance in a semiarid and arid mountainous watershed., Ecohydrology, 9, (7), 1248-1262, doi: 10.1002/eco.1723
Williams, K. H., Carroll, R. W., Brown, W., Hobson, C., Maxwell, R. M., Hubbard, S. S. (2016). From Rifle to RMBL: MODEX activities at Berkeley Lab's East River Watershed Study Site, Department of Energy, Environmental Systems Science Principal Investigator Meeting: Bolger Center, Potomac, MD, April 26, 2016-April 27, 2016
Winnick, M. J., Carroll, R. W., Williams, K. H., Maxwell, R. M., Maher, K. (2016). Concentration-discharge relationships, nested reaction fronts, and the balance of oxidative and acid-base weathering fluxes in an alpine catchment, East River, Colorado, American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016

2015

Carroll, R. W., Huntington, J. L., Lutz, A. D., Snyder, K., Niswonger, R. (2015). Vegetation and hydrologic response to climate in the Great Basin, (Invited) American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, CA, December 14, 2015-December 18, 2015
Carroll, R. W., Huntington, J. L., Niswonger, R., Snyder, K., Morton, C. G., Stringham, T. (2015). Evaluating mountain meadow groundwater response to climate and vegetation using integrated modeling and remote sensing, MODFLOW and More: Golden, CO, June 1, 2015-June 3, 2015
Carroll, R. W., Huntington, J. L., Tang, G., Niswonger, R., Lutz, A. J., Snyder, K., Stringham, T. (2015). Integrated modeling in the Great Basin to investigate linkages between vegetation and hydrology, Great Basin Consortium: Boise, ID, February 17, 2015-February 19, 2015
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M. (2015). Exploring groundwater management policies in a Nevada Agricultural Basin, NSF-WSC Workshop: Lincoln Nebraska, August 17, 2015-August 19, 2015
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Morton, C. G., Huntington, J. L. (2015). Calibrating a basin-scale model to remotely sensed estimates of groundwater evapotranspiration, Journal of American Water Resouces Association, doi: 10.1111/jawr.12285
Flickinger, A. K., Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J., Schumer, R. (2015). Impact of Climate Change on Mercury Transport along the Carson River-Lahontan Reservoir System, Nevada Water Resources Association: Reno, NV, January 26, 2015-April 29, 2015
Flickinger, A. K., Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J., Schumer, R. (2015). Implications of Dynamic Loading and Changing Climate on Mercury Bioaccumulation in a Planktivorous Fish (Orthodon microlepidotus), AGU Fall Meeting: San Francisco, CA, December 14, 2015-December 18, 2015, B11D-0469
Huntington, J. L., Morton, C. G., McGwire, K. C., Bromley, M., Peterson, S., Carroll, R. W., Hegewisch, K., Daudert, B., McEvoy, D. J., Allen, R., Abatzoglou, J. T., Melton, F., Vansant, D. S., Niswonger, R., Erickson, T., Snyder, K. (2015). Monitoring Perennial Yield, Groundwater Discharge, and ET from Irrigated Agriculture with the Landsat Archive, (Invited) International Workshop on Evapotranspiration Mapping for Water Security: World Bank, Washington D.C., September 15, 2015-September 15, 2015
Niswonger, R., Huntington, J. L., Carroll, R. W., Snyder, K., Stringham, T. (2015). Modeling Surface Expressions of Groundwater in the Great Basin: Porter Canyon, Nevada, (Invited) Great Basin Consortium: Boise, Idaho, February 17, 2015-February 19, 2015
Pribulick, C., Maxwell, R., Carroll, R. W., Steefl, C., Hobson, C., Yang, L., Dong, W., Kenwell, A., Navarre-Stichle, A., Williams, K. (2015). From Rifle to RMBL: MODEX activities at LBNL's new RMBL/East River Field site, April 28, 2015-April 29, 2015
Snyder, K., Carroll, R. W., Huntington, J. L., Stringham, T. (2015). Desatoya Mountains Project and the Porter Canyon Experimental Watershed, (Invited) EnviroIssues Inc. Great Basin Landscape Conservation Cooperative Webinar Series, November 10, 2015

2014

Abatzoglou, J. T., Hegewisch, K., Carroll, R. W., Lutz, A. D., Leising, J. F., Rajagopal, S., Brooks, K., Thomas, J. M. (2014). Impacts of a Changing Climate on Water Resources in the Eastern Great Basin, DRI, DRI Report No. 41266
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Fereday, W. H. (2014). Streamflow Gain-Loss Analysis: Walker River Basin, Nevada, DRI Report No. 41258
Flickinger, A. K., Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J., Schumer, R. (2014). Impact of climate change on mercury transport along the Carson River-Lahontan Reservoir system, American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, CA, December 15, 2014-December 19, 2014, H31H-0734
Pribulick, C., Maxwell, R., Carroll, R. W., Williams, K. H., Navarre-Sitchler, A. K. (2014). An integrated, high resolution approach to modeling climate change and vegetation succession in a mountain headwaters catchment using ParFlow, American Geophysical Union: San Francisco, December 15, 2014-December 19, 2014, H31H-0720
Reeves, D. M., Parashar, R., Pohll, G. M., Carroll, R. W. (2014). Use of DFN Concepts in Understanding Hillslope Drainage in Fractured Rock, International Discrete Fracture Network Engineering Conference: Vancouver, Canada, October 21, 2014

2013

Carroll, R. W., Brozovic, N. (2013). Groundwater management policies for maintaining stream flow, Modflow and More, June 3, 2013-June 6, 2013
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Morton, C. G., Huntington, J. L. (2013). Calibrating basin-scale groundwater models to remotely sensed estimates of groundwater evapotranspiration, Modflow and More: Golden, CO, June 3, 2013-June 6, 2013
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J. (2013). Modeling Transport and Bioaccumulation and Future Research Directions, International Conference Mercury as a Global Pollutant: Edinburgh, UK, July 29, 2013-August 2, 2013
Pohll, G. M., Carroll, R. W., Reeves, D. M., Parashar, R., Muhunthan, B., Thyiyagarjah, S., Badger, T., Lowell, S., Willoughby, K. (2013). Design Guidelines for Horizontal Drains Used for Slope Stabilization

2011

Carroll, R. W., Memmott, J. C., Warwick, J. J., Fritsen, C. H., Bonzongo, J., Acharya, K. (2011). Seasonal Variation of Mercury Associated with Different Phytoplankton Size Fractions in Lahontan Reservoir, Nevada, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 217, (1-4), 221-232, doi: 10.1007/s11270-010-0581-z

2010

Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., McGraw, D. S., Garner, C. B., Knust, A. M., Boyle, D. P., Minor, T. B., Bassett, S., Pohlmann, K. F. (2010). Mason Valley Groundwater Model: Linking Surface Water and Groundwater in the Walker River Basin, Nevada, Journal of American Water Resources Association, 46, (3), 554-573, doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2010.00434.x
Epstein, B., Pohll, G. M., Huntington, J. L., Carroll, R. W. (2010). Development and Uncertainty Analysis of an Empirical Recharge Prediction Model for Nevada's Desert Basins, Journal of the Nevada Water Resources Association, 5, 1-22
Johnson, C., Werner, B., Guntenspergen, G. R., Voldseth, R. A., Millett, B., Naugle, D. E., Tulbure, M., Carroll, R. W., Tracy, J., Olawsky, C. (2010). Prairie Wetland Complexes as Landscape Functional Units in a Changing Climate, Bioscience, 60, 128-140
Zhu, J., Pohlmann, K. F., Chapman, J. B., Russell, C. E., Carroll, R. W., Shafer, D. S. (2010). Sensitivity of Solute Advective Travel Time to Porosities of Hydrogeologic Units, Ground Water, 48, doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00664.x

2009

Boyle, D. P., Pohll, G. M., Bassett, S., Minor, T. B., Garner, C. B., Carroll, R. W., McGraw, D. S., Knust, A. M., Barth, C. (2009). Development of a Decision Support Tool in Support of Water Right Acquisitions in the Walker River Basin
Carroll, R. W., Hershey, R. L., Pohll, G. M. (2009). An unconfined groundwater model of the Death Valley Regional flow system and a comparison to its confined predecessor, Journal of Hydrology, 373, 316-328
Zhu, J., Pohlmann, K. F., Chapman, J. B., Russell, C. E., Carroll, R. W., Shafer, D. S. (2009). Uncertainty and Sensitivity of Contaminant Travel Times from the Upgradient Nevada Test Site to the Yucca Mountain Area

2008

Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Earman, S. B., Hershey, R. L. (2008). A comparison of groundwater fluxes computed with MODFLOW and a mixing model using deuterium: application to the eastern Nevada Test Site and vicinity, Journal of Hydrology, 361, 371-385, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.08.005
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Pohlmann, K. F., Boyle, D. P., Garner, C. B., Knust, A. M. (2008). Preliminary Model of a Coupled Groundwater-Surface Water System, Mason Valley, Nevada, MODFLOW and More: Ground Water and Public Policy: Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO USA
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J. (2008). Evaluating the impacts of uncertainty in geomorphic channel changes on predicting mercury transport and fate in the Carson River system, Nevada., International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water., 1, 1-15
Pohlmann, K. F., Zhu, J., Chapman, J. B., Russell, C. E., Carroll, R. W., Shafer, D. S. (2008). Contaminant Travel Times from the Nevada Test Site to Yucca Mountain: Sensitivity to Porosity, AGU 2008 Fall Meeting: San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
Zhu, J., Pohlmann, K. F., Chapman, J. B., Russell, C. E., Carroll, R. W., Shafer, D. S. (2008). Uncertainty and Sensitivity of Contaminant Travel Times from Nevada the Test Site to Yucca Mountain, 2008 Devils Hole Workshop: Death Valley, CA

2007

Carroll, R. W., Hershey, R. L., Pohll, G. M. (2007). Groundwater Model of the Death Valley Regional Flow System Using MODFLOW-SURFACT
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Earman, S. B., Hershey, R. L. (2007). Global optimization of a deuterium calibrated, discrete-state compartment model (DSCM): Application to the eastern Nevada Test Site, Journal of Hydrology, 345, 237-253
Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Earman, S. B., Hershey, R. L. (2007). A comparison of groundwater fluxes computed with MODFLOW and a stable isotope mixing model: Application to the eastern Nevada Test Site and vicinity, H41E-0829, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting: San Francisco
Carroll, R. W., Thomas, J. M., Sharpe, S. E. (2007). Water rights purchases using the current Walker Lake Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) model., Truckee River Symposium Headwaters to Terminus and Western U.S. Terminal Lakes: Research Needs for Policy Decisions: Reno, NV
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J. (2007). Evaluating the impacts of uncertainty in geomorphic channel changes on predicting mercury transport and fate in the Carson River system, Nevada, 23rd Annual International Conference on Soil, Sediment and Water: University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
Laczniak, R. J., Flint, A. L., Moreo, M. T., Knochenmus, L. A., Lundmark, K., Pohll, G. M., Carroll, R. W., Smith, J. L., Welborn, T. L., Heilweil, V. M., Pavelko, M. T., Hershey, R. L., Thomas, J. M., Earman, S. B., Lyles, B. F. (2007). Ground-water budgets, in Welch, A. H., Bright, D. J., and Knochenmus, L. A., eds., Water resources of the Basin and Range carbonate-rock aquifer system, White Pine County, Nevada, and adjacent areas in Nevada and Utah, U. S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5261, 43-68
Lundmark, K., Pohll, G. M., Carroll, R. W. (2007). A Steady-state Water Budget Accounting Model for the Carbonate Aquifer System in White Pine County, Nevada, and Adjacent Areas in Nevada and Utah, DRI Report No. 41235
Sawyer, F. E., Thomas, J. M., Earman, S. B., Carroll, R. W. (2007). Coupled mixing-cell and mass balance flowpath models of the Whiter River Flow System, Nevada, National Ground Water Association 2007 Ground Water Summit: Albuquerque

2006

Carroll, R. W., Hershey, R. L., Pohll, G. M. (2006). Numerical simulation of groundwater withdrawal from proposed pumping near the southeastern Nevada Test Site
Gilliam, A. B., Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Hershey, R. L. (2006). Numerical simulation of groundwater withdrawal within the Mercury Valley administrative groundwater basin, Nevada
Lundmark, K., Pohll, G. M., Carroll, R. W., Thomas, J. M. (2006). Regional Water Budget Accounting and Uncertainty Analysis Using a Deuterium-Calibrated Discrete State Compartment Model: White Pine County, Nevada, and Adjacent Areas in Nevada and Utah
Pohlmann, K. F., Zhu, J., Ye, M., Carroll, R. W., Chapman, J. B., Russell, C. E., Shafer, D. S. (2006). Evaluation of Groundwater Pathways and Travel Times From the Nevada Test Site to the Potential Yucca Mountain Repository
Pohlmann, K. F., Zhu, J., Ye, M., Chapman, J. B., Russell, C. E., Shafer, D. S., Carroll, R. W. (2006). Evaluation of Groundwater Pathways and Travel Times from the Nevada Test Site to the Potential Yucca Mountain Repository
Sawyer, F. E., Thomas, J. M., Earman, S. B., Carroll, R. W. (2006). Coupled mixing-cell and mass balance flow path models of the White River flow system, Nevada, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting: San Francisco
Zhu, J., Pohlmann, K. F., Ye, M., Shafer, D. S., Carroll, R. W. (2006). Groundwater pathways from regions upgradient of potential Yucca Mountain repository, 623-629

2005

Carroll, R. W., Pohll, G. M., Tracy, J., Winter, T., Smith, R. (2005). Simulation of a semi-permanent wetland basin in the Cottonwood Lake study area, east-central North Dakota, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 10, 1, 70-84
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J. (2005). Characterizing Uncertainty Associated with Mercury Transport and Fate in the Carson River System, Nevada

2004

Carroll, R. W., James, A., Warwick, J. J., Miller, J. (2004). Modeling erosion and overbank deposition during extreme flood conditions on the Carson River, Nevada, Journal of Hydrology, 297, 1-21
Carroll, R. W., Warwick, J. J., James, A. I., Miller, J. R. (2004). Erosion and Overbank Deposition: Effects on Mercury Transport in the Carson River, Nevada
Fitzgibbon, T., Green, A. C., Lyons, W. B., Warwick, J. J., Hines, M. E., Carroll, R. W., James, A. I. (2004). Influence of hyporheic zone dynamics on mercury geochemistry of the Carson River, Nevada

2003

Carroll, R. W., Dana, G. L. (2003). Temporal and spatial SWE predictions for hydrologic model input
Carroll, R. W., Dana, G. L. (2003). Temporal and spatial SWE predictions for hydrologic model input
Stockwell, W. R., Dana, G. L., Goliff, W. S., Carroll, R. W., Kim, D., Freeman, D. L., Shumyatsky, I. (2003). Modeling the effect of mountainous terrain on stratospheric/tropospheric exchange, atmospheric chemistry, deposition, and water quality.

2001

Pohll, G. M., McGraw, D. S., Ralson, J., Bohm, B., Thomas, J. M., McKay, W. A., Widmer, M., Minor, T. B., Lamorey, G., Dahan, O., Carroll, R. W., Cupp, K., Jacobson, E., McDonald, E. V., Stevick, E., Huntington, J. L. (2001). Evaluation of Groundwater and Solute Transport in the Fernley-Wadsworth Area, DRI Report No. 41173

2000

Carroll, R. W., Tracy, J., Pohll, G. M. (2000). Numeric Assessment of Hydrogeomorphic Wetland Functions: Phase II, DRI Report No. 41166

Authors

Abstract