Dr. Mark C. Green

Hourly - Research Professor
4d61726b2e477265656e406472692e656475
775-674-7118
702-862-5445
aerosol, visibility, particulate matter, monitoring, network design, transport

Professional Interests

Dr. Mark Green has over 30 years experience in the fields of air pollution and meteorology.  Dr. Green holds the position of Research Professor in DRI’s Division of Atmospheric Sciences. His research has concentrated on determining the causes of haze in both remote and urban areas and in characterization and source attribution of atmospheric aerosols.  He was DRI’s Principal Investigator for numerous current and past visibility related studies, including the Las Vegas Valley upper air measurement study, Project MOHAVE and BRAVO regional visibility studies, the Columbia River Gorge Air Quality and Visibility Study, the Las Vegas Valley Visibility and PM2.5 Study, the CENRAP Scoping Study, the CENRAP monitoring umbrella contract, the Las Vegas Valley Carbon Source Apportionment Study, the Western Regional Air Partnership Causes of Haze Study, and the Lake Tahoe Visibility Impairment Source Apportionment Study.  Dr. Green served as a member of the Meteorology Subcommittee, Grand Canyon Visibility Transport Commission (GCVTC), providing substantial portions of the subcommittees' analyses and reports. He has also contributed to EPA guidance documents for PM2.5 monitoring.  As a result of his leadership on these projects, Dr. Green is a nationally recognized expert in visibility assessment.  Recent work has included evaluation of organic carbon artifact for the EPA Chemical Speciation network and IMPROVE network.  Dr. Green has also served as expert witness for regional haze issues and accidents related to extreme weather conditions.

Education

DegreeYearInstitutionArea
Ph.D. 1990 University of California at Davis Atmospheric Science
M.S. 1980 University of Utah Meteorology
B.S. 1977 University of Michigan Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

Publications & Presentations

2019

Chow, J. C., Wang, X., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G. (2019). Obtaining more information from existing filter samples in PM 2.5 speciation networks, EM, 23, (May), 15-19
Chan, T., Huang, L., Banwait, K., Zhang, W., Ernst, D., Wang, X., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Green, M. C., Czimczik, C., Santos, G., Sharma, S., Jones, K. (2019). Inter-comparison of elemental and organic carbon mass measurements from three North American national long-term monitoring networks at a co-located site, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12, (8), 4543-4560, doi: 10.5194/amt-12-4543-2019

2018

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Green, M. C., Wang, X., Chen, L.-W.A., Trimble, D. L., Cropper, P. M., Kohl, S. D., Gronstal, S. B. (2018). Separation of brown carbon from black carbon for IMPROVE and Chemical Speciation Network PM2.5 samples, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 68, (5), 494-510, doi: 10.1080/10962247.2018.1426653
Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Wang, X., Gronstal, S. B., Daub, B. J. (2018). Estimating Brown Carbon concentrations by Multi-wavelength Thermal-Optical Analysis, 2018 IMPROVE Steering Committee Meeting: Fort Collins, CO, October 16, 2018, Presented
Wang, X., Chow, J. C., Daub, B. J., Gronstal, S. B., Chen, L.-W.A., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G. (2018). Estimation of Brown Carbon in PM2.5 Samples from Long-Term Networks, 10th International Aerosol Conference: St. Louis, MO, September 2, 2018-September 7, 2018
Wang, X., Chow, J. C., Daub, B. J., Gronstal, S. B., Chen, L.-W.A., Tropp, R. J., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G. (2018). Estimation of Brown Carbon in PM2.5 Samples from IMPROVE and CSN Networks, National Ambient Air Monitoring Conference: Portland, OR, August 13, 2018-August 16, 2018

2017

Chung, C.E., Hoffer, A., Beres, N. D., Moosmüller, H., Liu, C., Green, M. C., Kim, S., Engelbrecht, J. P., Gelencsér, A. (2017). Near-Infrared Light Absorption by Brown Carbon in the Ambient Atmosphere, 2017 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union: New Orleans, LA, December 11, 2017-December 15, 2017
Gamalthge, T., Green, M. C. (2017). How winter time atmopsheric stability influences PM2.5 in different complex terrains: Beijing in China vs. Fairbanks in Alaska, 2017 AGU Fall Meeting: New Orleans, LA, December 11, 2017-January 15, 2018, Accepted
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Green, M. C., Wang, X. (2017). One Year Survey of Brown and Black Carbon Contributions in the U.S., 2017 IMPROVE Steering Committee Meeting: Ely, MN, October 24, 2017-October 25, 2017

2016

Gamalthge, T., Green, M. C. (2016). Wintertime Atmospheric Stability and PM Variability in Complex Terrain, AGU Fall Meeting: San Francisco, CA, December 12, 2016-December 16, 2016, Paper A23B-2016.
Green, M. C. (2016). Aerosol Concentration, Composition and Optical Effects During Valley Cold Pool Occurrences, A&WMA Conference: Atmospheric Optics: Aerosols, Visibility, and Radiative Balance: Jackson Hole, WY, September 27, 2016-September 30, 2016

2015

Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Dick, K., Inouye, D. (2015). Effect of snow cover and atmospheric stability on winter PM2.5 concentrations in western US valleys, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1191-1201, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0191.1
Green, M. C., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C. (2015). Valley Cold Pools, Snow Cover, and Speciated PM2.5 in Western U.S. Cities, AWMA Eastern Sierra Chapter: Washoe County, NV, January 22, 2015
Green, M. C., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C. (2015). Valley Cold Pools, Snow Cover, and Speciated PM2.5 in Western U.S. Cities, Northwest International Air Quality Environmental Science and Technology Consortium (NW-AIRQUEST) annual meeting: Portland, OR, June 24, 2015
Watson, J. G., Green, M. C., Chow, J. C. (2015). Valley Cold Pools, Snow Cover, and Speciated PM2.5 in Western U.S. Cities, Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Utah: Salt Lake City, UT, January 8, 2015

2014

Chen, L.-W.A., Malamakal, T., Wang, X., Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2014). Evaluation of prescribed burning emissions and impacts on air quality in the Lake Tahoe basin, Proceedings of the Mountain Observatories 2014: Reno, NV, July 16, 2014
Chen, L.-W.A., Malamakal, T., Wang, X., Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2014). Evaluation of prescribed burning emissions and impacts on air quality in the Lake Tahoe basin, Desert Research Institute: Reno,NV
Green, M. C. (2014). Valley Cold Pools, Snow Cover, and Speciated PM2.5 in Western US cities, AMS Society 18th Joint Conference on the Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology with the A&WMA: Atlanta, GA, February 2, 2014

2013

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Chen, L.-W.A., Green, M. C. (2013). Meteorological and Chemical Characteristics of Wintertime PM Episodes in an Urban Valley of the Western U.S., Presented at East China University of Science and Technology: Shanghai, China, September 27, 2013
Fenstermaker, L.F., Cablk, M. E., Chapman, J., Green, M. C., de Soyza, A. (2013). Recommended Core and Supplemental Environmental Monitoring Methods for Arid Land BP Installations, Prepared for BP International.
Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Chang, M. C., Chen, L.-W.A., Kuhns, H. D., Etyemezian, V. R., Watson, J. G. (2013). Source apportionment of atmospheric particulate carbon in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, Particuology, 11, 110-118
Green, M. C., Wang, X., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Dick, K., Inouye, D. (2013). Analysis of High PM2.5 in the Reno, Nevada Urban Area, , Extended Abstract #13367, presented at the A&WMA 106th Annual Conference & Exhibition: Chicago, IL, June 25, 2013
Green, M. C., Wang, X., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Kohl, S. D. (2013). Spatial distribution of wintertime PM 2.5 in Sparks, NV: Analysis of air quality and meteorological data, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
Malamakal, T., Chen, L.-W.A., Wang, X., Green, M. C., Gronstal, S. B., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2013). Prescribed burn smoke impact in the Lake Tahoe Basin: model simulation and field verification, Int. J. Environ. Pollu., 52, (3/4), 225-243
Paredes-Miranda, G., Arnott, W. P., Moosmüller, H., Green, M. C., Gyawali, M. (2013). Black Carbon Aerosol Concentration in Five Cities and Its Scaling with City Population, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, (1), 41-50

2012

Chen, L.-W.A., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Green, M. C. (2012). Causes of wintertime PM2.5 episodes in Reno, NV: A valley of western U.S., Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences: Xi'an, January 7, 2012
Chen, L.-W.A., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Green, M. C., Inouye, D., Dick, K. (2012). Wintertime particulate pollution episodes in an urban valley of the western U.S.: A case study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 10051-10064, doi:10.5194/acp-12-10051-2012
Green, M. C., Chen, L.-W.A., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2012). Meteorological conditions and PM2.5 concentrations in winter in a high altitude urbanized valley, AMS First Conference on Atmospheric Biogeosciences: Boston, MA, May 29, 2012-June 1, 2012
Green, M. C., Chen, L.-W.A., DuBois, D. W., Molenar, J. V. (2012). Fine particulate matter and visibility in the Lake Tahoe Basin: Chemical characterization, trends, and source Apportionment, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 62, (8), 953-965
Green, M. C., Chen, L.-W.A., DuBois, D. W., Molenat, J. (2012). Sources of and trends in visibility reducing particles in the Lake Tahoe basin, 1990-2009, Presentation at the Aerosol and Atmospheric Optics: Visibility and Air Pollution, AWMA Specialty Conference: Whitefish, MT, September 24, 2012
Green, M. C., Wang, X., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2012). Spatial Distribution of Wintertime PM2.5 in Sparks, NV, Presentation at Washoe County Air Quality Management Division: Carson City, NV, December 14, 2012
Gyawali, M., Arnott, W. P., Zaveri, R. A., Song, C., Moosmüller, H., Liu, L., Mishchenko, M. I., Chen, L.-W.A., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C. (2012). Photoacoustic Optical Properties at UV, VIS, and Near IR Wavelengths for Laboratory Generated and Winter Time Ambient Urban Aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 2587-2601, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-2587-2012
Malamakal, T., Chen, L.-W.A., Chow, J. C., Wang, X., Green, M. C., Gronstal, S. B. (2012). Emissions from Prescribed Burning and the Effects on Air Quality in the Lake Tahoe Basin, 6th Biennial Lake Tahoe Basin Science Conference: Incline Village, NV, May 22, 2012

2011

Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Chen, L.-W.A., Green, M. C., Kohl, S. D. (2011). Wintertime PM 2.5 source contributions in Reno, NV, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV

2010

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Green, M. C., Frank, N. (2010). Filter light attenuation as a surrogate for elemental carbon, J.Air Waste Manage.Assoc., 60, (11), 1365-1375
Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2010). Examination of the effect of the absorption Angstrom exponent on the EC and babs relationship, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV

2009

Hidy, G., Brook, J., Chow, J. C., Green, M. C., Husar, R., Lee, C., Scheffe, R., Swanson, A., Watson, J. G. (2009). Remote sensing of particulate pollution from space: Have we reached the promised land?: Critical review discussion, J.Air Waste Manage.Assoc., 1130-1139

2008

DuBois, D. W., Xu, J., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G. (2008). Causes Of Haze Assessment (COHA) Website, Desert Research Institute

2007

Kavouras, I. G., Etyemezian, V. R., Xu, J., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Pitchford, M. L. (2007). Assessment of the local windblown component of dust in the western United States, J. Geophys. Res, 112, (D08211), doi: 10.1029/2006JD007832
Watson, J. G., Barber, P. W., Chang, M., Chow, J. C., Etyemezian, V. R., Green, M. C., Keislar, R., Kuhns, H. D., Mazzoleni, C., Moosmüller, H., Nicolic, D., Whitaker, C. E. (2007). Southern Nevada Air Quality Study - Final Report, Desert Research Institute

2006

Kavouras, I. G., Xu, J., Etyemezian, V. R., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Pitchford, M. L. (2006). Contributions of dust and smoke on aerosol extinction coefficient, Eos Trans AGU, 87, (52)
Xu, J., DuBois, D. W., Pitchford, M. L., Green, M. C., Etyemezian, V. R. (2006). Attribution of Sulfate Aerosols in Federal Class 1 Areas of the Western United States Based on Trajectory Regression Analysis, Atmos Environ, 40, 3433-3447

2005

Engelbrecht, J. P., Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C., Tropp, R. J., Watson, J. G. (2005). MANE-VU, Source Apportionment Analysis of Air Quality Monitoring Data: Phase II. Final Report, 71 pp., plus Appendices, March, 2005.
Engelbrecht, J. P., Tropp, R. J., Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G. (2005). Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) Receptor Modeling Applied to IMPROVE Data Sets from the Northeastern USA, American Association for Aerosol Research (AAAR) International Specialty Conference: Atlanta, GA, February 8, 2005

2004

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Kuhns, H. D., Etyemezian, V. R., Lowenthal, D. H., Crow, D., Kohl, S. D., Engelbrecht, J. P., Green, M. C. (2004). Source Profiles for Industrial, Mobile, and Area Sources in the Big Bend Regional Aerosol Visibility and Observational (BRAVO) Study, Chemosphere, 54, (2), 185-208
Engelbrecht, J. P., Tropp, R. J., Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G. (2004). Source Apportionment Analysis of Air Quality Monitoring Data: Phase II, Final Report to Mid-Atlantic/Northeast Visibility Union and Midwest Regional Planning Organization, April 2004.
Green, M. C., Chang, M., Chow, J. C., Kuhns, H. D., Chen, L.-W.A., Nussbaum, N., Nikolic, D., Arnott, W. P., Kumar, S., Etyemezian, V. R. (2004). Las Vegas carbon source apportionment study, final report, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV

2003

Engelbrecht, J. P., Tropp, R. J., Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C. (2003). Marama/MANE-VU Phase II Data Analysis, Marama/MANE-VU Data Analysis Workshop: Windsor Locks, CT, June 18, 2003-June 19, 2003
Engelbrecht, J. P., Tropp, R. J., Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C. (2003). Source Apportionment Analysis of Air Quality Monitoring Data: Phase II, Marama/MANE-VU Science Meeting: Baltimore, MD, January 22, 2003
Etyemezian, V. R., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Chow, J. C., Green, M. C., Hendrickson, K., McGown, M., Pitchford, M. L. (2003). Vehicle based road dust emissions measurement (III): Effect of speed, traffic volume, location, and season on PM10 road dust emissions, Atmos. Environ., 37, 4583-4593
Etyemezian, V. R., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Green, M. C., Pitchford, M. L., Watson, J. G. (2003). Vehicle-Based Road Dust Emissions Measurement (I): Methods and Calibration, Atmos. Environ., 37, 4559-4571
Green, M. C., Kuhns, H. D., Pitchford, M. L., Dietz, R., Ashbaugh, L. L., Watson, T. (2003). Application of the Tracer-Aerosol Gradient Interpretive Technique (TAGIT) to sulfur attribution for the Big Bend Regional Aerosol and Visibility Observational (BRAVO) Study, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc.
Kuhns, H. D., Bohdan, V., Chow, J. C., Etyemezian, V. R., Green, M. C., Herlocker, D., Kohl, S. D., McGown, M., Ramsdell, J., Stockwell, W. R., Toole, M., Watson, J. G. (2003). The Treasure Valley secondary aerosol study I: measurements and equilibrium modeling of inorganic secondary aerosols and precursors for southwestern Idaho, Atmos. Environ., 37, 511-524
Stockwell, W. R., Kuhns, H. D., Etyemezian, V. R., Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G. (2003). The Treasure Valley secondary aerosol study II: modeling of the formation of inorganic secondary aerosols and precursors for southwestern Idaho, Atmos. Environ., 37, (4), 525-534

2002

Etyemezian, V. R., Kuhns, H. D., Gillies, J. A., Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Kohl, S. D., Watson, J. G. (2002). Treasure Valley road dust study, Final report
Green, M. C., Chow, J. C. (2002). Plans for Carbon Apportionment in Clark County
Green, M. C., Chow, J. C., Hecobian, A., Etyemezian, V. R., Kuhns, H. D., Watson, J. G. (2002). Las Vegas Valley visibility and PM 2.5 study - final report
Kuhns, H. D., Bohdan, V., Chow, C., Etyemezian, V. R., Green, M. C., Herlocker, D., Kohl, S. D., McGown, M., Ramsdell, J., Stockwell, W. R., Toole, M., Watson, J. G. (2002). The Treasure Valley Secondary Aerosol Study I: Measurements and Equilibrium Modeling of Inorganic Secondary Aerosols and Precursors in Southwestern Idaho, Atmos. Environ., 37, (4), 511-524
Kuhns, H. D., Etyemezian, V. R., Green, M. C., Hendrickson, K., McGown, M., Barton, K., Pitchford, M. L. (2002). Vehicle-based road dust emissions measurement (II): Effects of precipitation, wintertime road sanding, and street sweepers on PM10 fugitive dust emissions from paved and unpaved roads, Atmos. Environ.

2001

Kuhns, H. D., Etyemezian, V. R., Landwehr, D., Macdougall, C. S., Pitchford, M. L., Green, M. C. (2001). Testing Re-entrained Aerosol Kinetic Emissions from Roads (TRAKER): A new approach to infer silt loading on roadways, Atmos. Environ., 35, 2815-2825

2000

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Green, M. C., Lowenthal, D. H., Torres, G., Bates, B. (2000). Cross-Border Transport and Spatial Variability of Suspended Particles in Mexicali and California's Imperial Valley, Atmos. Environ., 34, (11), 1833-1843
Kuhns, H. D., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Crow, D., Green, M. C., Etyemezian, V. R., Stockwell, W. R. (2000). Secondary aerosol formation in the Treasure Valley: Study design and monitoring plan, Desert Research Institute: Las Vegas, NV
Pitchford, M. L., Green, M. C., Kuhns, H. D., Farber, R. J. (2000). Characterization of regional transport and dispersion using Project MOHAVE tracer data, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 50, (5), 733-745

1999

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Lowenthal, D. H., Kohl, S. D., Egami, R. T., Gillies, J. A., Rogers, C. F., Frazier, C. A., Cates, W. (1999). Middle- and neighborhood-scale variations of PM10 source contributions in Las Vegas, Nevada, J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 49, (6), 641-654
Green, M. C. (1999). The project MOHAVE tracer study: Study design, data quality, and overview of results, Atmos. Environ., 33, (12), 1955-1968
Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C., Pitchford, M. L., Vasconcelos, L., White, W. H., Mirabella, V. (1999). Attribution of particulate sulfur in the Grand Canyon to specific point sources using Tracer-Aerosol Gradient Interpretive Technique (TAGIT), J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 49, (8), 906-915

1998

Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Lowenthal, D. H., Kohl, S. D., Egami, R. T., Gillies, J. A., Rogers, C. F., Frazier, C., Cates, W. (1998). Middle- and neighborhood-scale variations of PM 10 source contributions in Las Vegas, Nevada, 443-460, Proceedings, Health Effects of Particulate Matter in Ambient Air
Kuhns, H. D., Green, M. C., Watson, J. G., McGown, M., Riley, D. (1998). Analyzing speciated ambient PM 10 concentrations and emissions in Ada and Canyon Counties, Idaho
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Frank, N., Pitchford, M. L. (1998). Network design principles for population-oriented monitoring of suspended particles, 461-472
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Moosmüller, H., Green, M. C., Frank, N., Pitchford, M. L. (1998). Guidance for using continuous monitors in PM 2.5 monitoring networks

1997

Fujita, E. M., Bowen, J. L., Green, M. C., Moosmüller, H. (1997). 1997 Southern California Ozone Study (SCOS97) quality assurance plan, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
Fujita, E. M., Green, M. C., Keislar, R. E., Koracin, D. R., Moosmüller, H., Watson, J. G. (1997). 1997 Southern California Ozone Study (SCOS97) Vol. III: Summary of Field Study, Final Report prepared for State of California, Air Resources Board, Research Division, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Frank, N., Pitchford, M. L. (1997). Guidance for network design and optimal site exposure for PM 2.5 and PM 10
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., DuBois, D. W., Green, M. C., Frank, N., Pitchford, M. L. (1997). Network design principles for population-oriented monitoring of suspended particles, 461-472
Watson, J. G., Chow, J. C., Rogers, C. F., Green, M. C., Kohl, S. D., Frazier, C., Robinson, N. F., DuBois, D. W. (1997). Annual report for the Robbins Particulate Study - October 1995 through September 1996

1996

Fujita, E. M., Green, M. C., Keislar, R., Koracin, D. R., Moosmüller, H., Watson, J. G. (1996). 1997 Southern California Ozone Study (SCOS97) operational program plan
Miller, P., Poth, M., Bytnerowicz, A., Fenn, M., Temple, P., Chow, J. C., Watson, J. G., Frazier, C., Green, M. C., Johnson, D. (1996). Ecosystem level alterations in soil nutrient cycling: An integrated measure of cumulative effects of acidic deposition on a mixed conifer forest in Southern California

1994

Elvidge, C. D., Shaulis, L. K., Green, M. C., Moosmüller, H. (1994). Basic Research Cooperative in Remote Sensing, Final Report prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Desert Research Institute: Reno, NV
Watson, J. G., McManus, T., Eklund, A., Vigon, B., Italiano, M., Franklin, W., Green, A., Green, M. C., Harper, G., Keoleian, G. (1994). 1994 critical review discussion - Sustainable development by design: Review of life cycle design and related approaches., Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 44, (9), 1083-1088

1993

Watson, J. G., Green, M. C., Hoffer, T. E., Lawson, D., Eatough, D., Farber, R., Malm, W., McDade, C., Pitchford, M. L. (1993). Project MOHAVE data analysis plan, In Proceedings, 86th Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Air & Waste Management Association: Pittsburgh, PA

Authors

Abstract

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