Dr. Tim J. Brown

Research Professor Climatology Director Western Regional Climate Center
54696d2e42726f776e406472692e656475
775-674-7090
Wildland fire, fire weather, fire climate, climate, climate change, applied statistics, data analysis, data visualization, co-production of knowledge

Professional Interests

Dr. Brown conducts research and applications development in applied climatology and meteorology, with emphasis on the application of data analysis, statistical methods and scientific visualization to atmospheric sciences and wildland fire related data. His primary academic interests include analysis of wildland fire-climate and fire-weather relationships and applications product development for wildland fire management planning, decision-making and policy, and the interface between science and decision-making. Dr. Brown is Director of the Western Regional Climate Center, and established and directs the Program for Climate, Ecosystem and Fire Applications (CEFA) at the Desert Research Institute in Reno, Nevada. He is graduate faculty in the Atmospheric Sciences Program at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Research Websites

Education

DegreeYearInstitutionArea
Ph.D. 1995 University of Colorado, Boulder, CO Dept. of Geography
M.A. 1988 University of Colorado, Boulder, CO Dept. of Geography
B.A. 1982 University of Illinois (Sangamon State campus), Springfield, IL Astronomy-
Physics

Professional Experience

DatesExperience
2008-present Title
Director, Western Regional Climate Center
2003-present Associate Research Professor, Division of Atmospheric Sciences, DRI
1998-present Director, DRI Program for Climate, Ecosystem and Fire Applications
2000-2003 Assistant Research Professor, Division of Atmospheric Sciences
1996-2000 Research Associate, Atmospheric Sciences Center
1995-1996 UCAR Visiting Scientist, ASC/WRCC, DRI, Reno, NV.
1992-1995 Graduate Research Assistant, Cooperative Institute for Research in
Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, and Physical
Scientist, NOAA Climate Diagnostics Center, Boulder, CO.
1983-1992 Professional Research Assistant, Cooperative Institute for Research in
Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
1980-1982 Student Lab Assistant, University of Illinois (Sangamon State), Springfield, IL.
1973-1980 Research Assistant, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign-Urbana, IL.

Professional Societies

  • International Association of Wildland Fire
  • Association of Fire Ecology
  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Geophysical Union

Selected Publications

Abatzoglou, J.T., and T.J. Brown, 2011: A comparison of statistical downscaling methods suited for wildfire applications. International Journal of Climatology, DOI: 10.1002/joc.2312.

Miller, C., J. Abatzoglou, T. Brown, and A. Shyphard, 2011: Chapter 10. Wilderness Fire Management in a Changing Environment. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Springer, pp. 269-294.

DeGaetano, A.T., T. J. Brown, S. D. Hilberg, K. Redmond, K. Robbins, P. Robinson, M. Shulski, and M. McGuirk, 2010: The NOAA Regional Climate Centers: Twenty-five Years of User-Centric Climate Services, Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 1633-1644.

Hoang, R.V., M.R. Sgambati, T.J. Brown, D.S. Coming, and F.C. Harris, 2010: VFire: Immersive Wildfire Simulation and Visualization. Computers and Graphics, Accepted.

Preisler, H.K., S. Zhong, A. Esperanza, T.J. Brown, A. Bytnerowicz, L. Tarnay, 2010: Estimating contribution of wildland fires to ambient ozone levels in National Parks in the Sierra Nevada, California, Environmental Pollution, 158, 778–787.

Kolden, C., and T. Brown, 2010: Beyond wildfire: understanding climate impacts on managed fire in the U.S.A. International Journal Wildland Fire, 19, 364-373.

Abatzoglou, J.T., and T.J. Brown, 2009:  Influence of the Madden–Julian Oscillation on Summertime Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Activity over the Continental United States. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 3596-3601.

Evett, R.R., C.R. Mohrle, B.L. Hall, T.J. Brown, S.L. Stephens, 2008: The Effect of Monsoonal Atmospheric Moisture on Lightning Fire Ignitions in Southwestern North America, Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 148, 1478-1487.

Sherman, W.R., M.A. Penick, S. Su, T.J. Brown, and F.C. Harris, Jr., 2007: VRFire: an Immersive Visualization Experience for Wildfire Spread Analysis. Proceedings IEEE Virtual Reality 2007.

Kangas, R.S. and T.J. Brown, 2007: Characteristics of U.S. Drought and Pluvials from a High-Resolution Spatial Dataset, International Journal of Climatology, 27, 1303-1335.

Reinbold, H.J., J.O. Roads, T.J. Brown, 2005: Evaluation of ECPC’s fire danger forecasts with RAWS observations. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 14, 19-36.

Westerling, A.L., D.R. Cayan, T.J. Brown, B.L. Hall and L.G. Riddle, 2004: Climate, Santa Ana winds and autumn wildfires in southern California. EOS, 85(31), 289; 296.

Brown, T.J., B.L. Hall, A.L. Westerling, 2004: The impact of twenty-first century climate change on wildland fire danger in the western United States: an applications perspective. Climatic Change, 62, 365-388.

Westerling, A.L, A. Gershunov, T.J. Brown, D.R. Cayan, and M.D. Dettinger, 2003: Climate and wildfire in the western United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 84, 595-604.

Mitchell, D.L., D. Ivanova, R. Rabin, T.J. Brown, and K.R. Redmond, 2002: Sea Surface Temperatures and the North American Monsoon: Mechanistic Implications from Observations. Journal of Climate, 15, 2261-2281.

Macêdo, M., D. Cook, and T.J. Brown, 2000: Visual data mining in atmospheric science data. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 4(1), 69-80.

Brown, T.J., and P.W. Mielke, Jr., 2000: Guest Editorial: Statistical mining and data visualization in atmospheric science. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 4(1), 5-6.

 Synergistic Activities

  • Associate Editor – International Journal of Wildland Fire
  • Symposia Co-Organizer, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th American Meteorological Society
  • Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology
  • Lecturer at USDA Forest Service National Advanced Fire and Resource Institute
  • Consultant on fire climate policy with Brookings Institution
  • Co-Guest Editor for Agricultural and Forest Meteorology and three special issues of International Journal of Wildland Fire

Publications & Presentations

2015

Brown, T. J. (2015). The 2014 Wildfire Season, Presentation, 95th AMS Annual Meeting: Phoenix, AZ, January 6, 2015
Fearon, M. G., Brown, T. J. (2015). Establishing a national standard for operational mixing height determination, AMS 11th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology: Minneapolis, MN, May 5, 2015
Fearon, M. G., Brown, T. J., Curcio, G. M. (2015). Establishing a national standard for operational mixing height determination, J. Operational Meteor., Submitted
Jolly, M. W., Cochrane, M. A., Freeborn, P. H., Holden, Z. A., Brown, T. J., Williamson, G. J., Bowman, D. (2015). Climate-induced variations in global wildfire danger from 1979 to 2013, Nature Comm., 6, (7537), doi: 10.1038/ncomms8537

2014

Albano, C. M., Dettinger, M. D., McCarthy, M. M., Cox, D. A., Brown, T. J. (2014). ARkStorm@Tahoe: Addressing social and ecological resiliency to extreme winter storm events in the Sierra Nevadas, Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting: Sacramento, CA, August 10, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). U.S. and Global Wildfire Impacts in 2013, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting: Atlanta, GA, February 4, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Fire as a Physical Process, Invited talk. Interagency Wildfire Course RX310 lecture: Atlanta, GA, January 15, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Fire Effects – A Climate Perspective, Invited talk. Interagency Wildfire Course RX310 lecture: Atlanta, GA, January 15, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Seasonal forecasts and downscaling for fire climate, Invited talk. Lecture at the University of Sassari: Sassari, Sardinia, Italy, January 24, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Co-Production of Fire Knowledge – Perspectives from a western regional climate center and RISA, Invited talk. NOAA Headquarters: Silver Springs, MD, December 10, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Seasonal Wildfire Outlook 2014, Invited talk. California Drought Forum: Sacramento, CA, May 15, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Meteorological Data for Fire Danger Products, Invited talk. GOFC-GOLD IT: Greenbelt, MD, July 30, 2014
Brown, T. J. (2014). Wildfire and Air Quality, Invited talk. Tahoe Climate Science Symposium: Incline Village, NV, November 13, 2014
Brown, T. J., Larkin, N., Lahm, P. (2014). How Applied Climate Fits in with the Management of Wildfire Smoke Health Impacts, American Meteorological Society 21st Conference on Applied Climatology: Westminster, CO, June 9, 2014
Brown, T. J., Larkin, N., Lahm, P. (2014). The Current State and Future of Wildfire Smoke and Air Quality Modeling, American Association for Aerosol Research 33rd Annual Conference: Orlando, FL, October 20, 2014
Brown, T. J., Mills, G., Harris, H., Podnar, D., Reinbold, H. J., Fearon, M. G. (2014). A hi-resolution 40-year gridded fire weather/danger climatology for Victoria, Australia, VII International Conference on Forest Fire Research: Coimbra, Portugal, November 17, 2014
Brown, T. J., Mills, G., Harris, S., Podnar, D., Fearon, M. G., Reinbold, H. J. (2014). Fire weather climatology of Victoria, Invited talk. Project briefing for the Victoria Department of Environment and Primary Industries: Melbourne, VIC, March 24, 2014
Brown, T. J., Mills, G., Harris, S., Podnar, D., Fearon, M. G., Reinbold, H. J. (2014). Fire weather climatology of Victoria, Invited talk. Project briefing for the Victoria Country Fire Authority: Melbourne, VIC, March 25, 2014
Brown, T. J., Redmond, K. T., Breckner, M. A., Daudert, B., McCurdy, G. D., Oakley, N. S., Simeral, D. B. (2014). The Role of a Regional Climate Center in Complex Terrain, American Meteorological Society 16th Conference on Mountain Meteorology: San Diego, CA, August 18, 2014
Brown, T. J., Redmond, K. T., Wall, T. U., Simeral, D. B., Oakley, N. S., McCurdy, G. D., Breckner, M. A., Wolff, A. J., Daudert, B. (2014). Providing Western Region Climate Services: Perspectives from the Western Regional Climate Center, 2014 American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting: San Francisco, CA, December 15, 2014
Brown, T. J., Wall, T. U., Nauslar, N. J. (2014). Extremes in Fire – The Intersection of Climate, Fuels and People, Wildland Fire Canada 2014: Halifax, Nova Scotia, October 7, 2014
Brown, T. J., Wall, T. U., Nauslar, N. J. (2014). Extremes in Fire – The Intersection of Climate, Fuels and People, VII International Conference on Forest Fire Research: Coimbra, Portugal, November 17, 2014
Garfin, G., Brown, T. J., Wordell, T., Delgado, E. (2014). The Making of National Seasonal Wildfire Outlooks, In Climate in Context, Wiley, In Press
Garfin, G., Wall, T. U., Haartmann, H., Brugger, J., Brown, T. J. (2014). Climate Change Adaptation Planning in the Great Basin, University of Arizona College of Agriculture & Life Sciences Poster Forum: Tucson, AZ, November 10, 2014
Mills, G., Brown, T. J., Harris, S., Podnar, D., Reinbold, H. J. (2014). Modelling the mesoscale fire weather climatology of Victoria, Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society National Conference: Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, February 12, 2014
Wall, T. U., Brown, T. J., Sexton, T. (2014). Extremes in Fire – The Intersection of Climate, Fuels and People, Large Wildland Fires – Social, Political and Ecological Effects Conference: Missoula, MT, May 19, 2014

2013

Brown, H. E., Comrie, A. C., Drechsler, D. M., Barker, C. M., Basu, R., Brown, T. J., Gershunov, A., Kilpatrick, A. M., Reisen, W. K., Ruddell, D. M. (2013). Chapter 15, Human Health, Eds. Garfin, G., Jardine, A., Merideth, R., Black, M., LeRoy, S., In Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: A Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment, A report by the Southwest Climate Alliance, 312-339, edited by G. Garfin, J. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. LeRoy: Washington, DC: Island Press
Brown, T. J. (2013). U.S. and Global Wildfire Impacts in 2012, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting: Austin, TX, January 8, 2013
Brown, T. J. (2013). Adaptation to Wildfires in the West: Linking Science to Action, National Adaptation Forum: Denver, CO, March 3, 2013
Brown, T. J. (2013). Seasonal Forecasting for the Global EWS, GOFC-GOLD IT: Waginingen, The Netherlands, April 16, 2013
Brown, T. J. (2013). Fire Weather and Smoke Management Forecasting in California and Nevada - The Co-Production of Science and Operations, U.C. Davis Conference on Traversing New Terrain in Meteorological Modeling, Air Quality and Dispersion: Davis, CA, September 12, 2013
Brown, T. J., Clements, C., Larkin, S. (2013). Results from the JFSP Smoke Model Validation Workshop, IAWF International Smoke Symposium: College Park, MD, October 24, 2013
Brown, T. J., Delgado, E. (2013). Monthly to Seasonal in Support of Wildland Fire Decision-Making, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting: Austin, TX, January 10, 2013
Brown, T. J., Delgado, E. (2013). Perspectives in Seasonal Fire Forecasting, 4th International Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference: St. Petersburg, Russia, July 1, 2013
Brown, T. J., Jackman, T., Achtemieier, G., Goodrick, S. (2013). Bringing PB-Piedmont to Users: Web Implementation of a Surface Drift Smoke Model, IAWF International Smoke Symposium: College Park, MD, October 23, 2013
Fearon, M. G., Brown, T. J., Curcio, G. (2013). Establishing a National Standard Methodology for Operational Mixing Height Determination, IAWF International Smoke Symposium: College Park, MD, October 22, 2013
Mills, G., Brown, T. J., Harris, S., Podnar, D., Reinbold, H. J. (2013). A 40-year mesoscale gridded fire weather climatology for Victoria, Proceedings 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation: Adelaide, Australia, December 1, 2013
Nauslar, N. J., Kaplan, M. L., Wallmann, J., Brown, T. J. (2013). A forecast procedure for dry thunderstorms, J. Operational Meteor., 1, (17), 200-214
Oakley, N. S., Redmond, K. T., Wall, T. U., Brown, T. J. (2013). Current and Future Partnerships for Climate-Related Decision Making in the Great Basin, Great Basin Consortium: Boise, ID, January 13, 2013
Oakley, N. S., Redmond, K. T., Wall, T. U., Brown, T. J. (2013). Improving the Flow of Climate Information in the West, EPSCoR Annual Meeting: Las Vegas, NV, March 27, 2013
Prahm, N., Longo, B., Baxter, K., Brown, T. J. (2013). Lightning Does Strike Twice: A Fulminology Primer for Nurse Practitioners., J. Nurse Practitioners, 9, 479-486
Redmond, K. T., Brown, T. J. (2013). Overview of Climate Change and Effects on Western Great Basin, Washoe County Regional Resiliency Preparedness Study Meeting: Reno, NV, December 20, 2013
Tarnay, L., Schweizer, D., Cisneros, R., Raffuse, S., Brown, T. J., Larkin, S. (2013). Do We Always Need Dispersion Models? Empirical Airshed Capacity Values for Prescribed and Wildland Fire in the Sierra Nevada, California, IAWF International Smoke Symposium: College Park, MD, October 22, 2013

2012

Abatzoglou, J. T., Brown, T. J. (2012). A comparison of statistical downscaling methods suited for wildfire applications, Int. J. Climatol., 32, (5), 772-780
Brown, T. J. (2012). Wildfires of 2011. Weather Impacts 2011, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting,: New Orleans, LA, January 23, 2012
Brown, T. J. (2012). Climate Variability and Impacts on the West, Council of State Governments: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, July 22, 2012
Brown, T. J. (2012). RCC Climate Services, National Weather Service Southern Region Headquarters: Ft. Worth, TX, August 13, 2012
Brown, T. J. (2012). The Climate Data Record and Climate Applications, Panel presentation, Climate Data Record Program: Asheville, NC, July 31, 2012-August 2, 2012
Brown, T. J. (2012). CEFA Update, FIRESCOPE Fall Meeting: Sacramento, CA, November 28, 2012
Brown, T. J., Abatzoglou, J. T., Hall, B. L., Jolly, M. (2012). Three New Fire Weather/Climate Datasets for Decision-Support and Research, 5th International Fire Ecology and Management Congress: Portland, OR, December 3, 2012
Brown, T. J., Delgado, E. (2012). Monthly to Seasonal Fire Forecasting in the U.S., Wildland Fire Canada 2012: Kananaskis, Alberta, Canada, October 1, 2012
Brown, T. J., Kolden, C. (2012). Climatology Tools for Long-Term Assessment, 2012 PNW Fire Behavior Workshop: Portland, OR, January 20, 2012
Owen, G., McLeod, J. C., Kolden, C. A., Ferguson, D. B., Brown, T. J. (2012). Wildfire management and forecasting fire potential: The roles of climate information and social networks in the southwest United States, Wea. Climate Soc., 42, (2), 90-102

2010

DeGaetano, A. T., Brown, T. J., Hilberg, S. D., Redmond, K. T., Robbins, K., Robinson, P., Shulski, M., McGuirk, M. (2010). Toward Regional Climate Services: The Role of NOAA's Regional Climate Centers, Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 91, (12), 1633-1644, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2936.1

2007

Brown, T. J., Banta, J. R., Hall, B. L. (2007). Predictability of sea surface temperatures for fire danger, Seventh Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology: Bar Harbor
Brown, T. J., Banta, J. R., Hall, B. L. (2007). Global sea surface temperatures and North American fire danger variability, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting: San Antonio
Sherman, W. R., Penick, M. A., Su, S., Brown, T. J., Harris, F. C. (2007). VRFire: an Immersive Visualization Experience for Wildfire Spread Analysis, 243-246, IEEE Virtual Reality 2007: Charlotte, NC

2006

Sherman, W. R., Penick, M. A., Su, S., Brown, T. J., Harris, F. C. (2006). VRFire: an Immersive Visualization Experience for WildfireSpread Analysis, Accepted

2005

McConnell, J. R., Brown, T. J. (2005). Climate, fire and human extremes: The merging of shaping factors for 21st century land management

Authors

Abstract